Volume 5 Issue 3


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The Effects of Westernization Efforts on the Turkish Education System

Seyithan DEMİRDAĞ Muhammad KHALIFA
Pages: 165-177

Westernization refers to the establishment of a system based on science and technology in the life of a society and encourages developing countries to learn and then use what the West has found in science, technology, human rights, prosperity, and art. In this paper, we have argued the effects of Westernization efforts and how the power holding groups use these efforts on their behalf to have authority over governmental institutions and change the education policy of Turkey according to their ideology. Quijano’s notion of Coloniality was used to explain how people, who had a control over governmental authorities used Westernization to impose their own ideology in Turkish education policy. In the paper, firstly, we argued why the conflicts due Westernization arise between pro-Westerners and anti-Westerners and how this situation effects the education policy of some societies in the world. Second, we discussed the Westernization efforts made in Turkey. Third, we explained criticism towards Westernization since the Ottoman period. Lastly, we argued how the conflicts between pro-Westerners and anti-Westerners ended up in military coups.

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Academic Success Scale: Second-Order Confirmatory and Exploratory Factor Analysis

Şefika Şule ERÇETİN Halime GÜNGÖR Mehmet Ali HAMEDOĞLU
Pages: 178-189

Background: One of the most important tasks of the education system is to follow the academic development of students by using measurement and evaluation methods and techniques, and to direct them to the areas where they will be successful and happy in line with their interests and abilities. Objectives: Aim of the study is to develop a measurement tool that determines factors affecting the academic success of students in the school environment in the process of preparation for higher education. Methods: The validity and reliability studies of the scale were conducted with the 348 participants in the first and with 168 participants in the second application. Results: As a result of exploratory and second order confirmatory factor analysis, the scale consisting of twenty six items and six factors was found to be theoretically and statistically appropriate. Conclusion: Since there are few tools that measure the factors affecting academic success in the literature review, it is thought that the scale will contribute to the field in literature and can meet this need.

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Music and Social Skills for Young Children with Autism: A Survey of Early Childhood Educators

Pages: 190-207

Children with autism may have difficulties in communicating with others, developing social relationships and maintaining emotional reciprocity. Children’s active involvement with musical activities may create the conditions for enhanced moments of learning and communication and it may promote children’s sensory-motor abilities and their cognitive and emotional skills. The aim of this study was to investigate the views of early childhood educators on the use of music as a tool for enhancing students’ with autism social skills. Participants were 94 early childhood educators, working at Greek public schools. The results were positive regarding the participants’ views on the use of music as an important, instructional tool in the classroom that holds the potential to promote social and emotional growth of young children with autism. Implication of the study pinpoint to additional research on the topic and to professional development of early childhood educators on the use of music.

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The Contributions of Physiologic Birth and Cesarean Delivery to Attachment and Social Skills of 6-Year-Old Children

Serdal SEVEN Melek AŞIK Fatma Nur SAYLAĞ
Pages: 208-213

The aim of the current study is to investigate the contributions of physiologic birth and cesarean delivery to attachment and social skills of 6-year-old children. A causal-comparative research design was employed. The study was conducted during the Fall of 2017 and Spring of 2018 in 2 low SES state preschools randomly-selected in Bağcılar District, in İstanbul. The sample of the study is made up of a total of 50 children (23 girls and 27 boys). 20 of the children were normally delivered whereas 30 of them were cesarean born. Incomplete Stories with a Doll Family (ISDF) and Social Skills Rating System (SSRS) were used for the data collection. A t-test and One-Way ANOVA were employed for the data analysis. The results showed that that attachment levels and social skills of 5- and 6 year-old children differed significantly by types of child delivery favoring normally born children.

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Active Learning: English Language Teaching via Write Share Learn Strategy

Cavide Demirci Mehmet Akcaalan
Pages: 214-220

The aim of investigation is to examine opinions of 11th grade high school students via “write, share, learn strategy” of active learning approach in language teaching. The students were asked some questions so as to determine their opinions for the strategy. The questions for the students were created by three English teachers and a university instructor. The students in the research studied in the 11th grade and their class size consisted of 20 students. The application of the write, share and learn strategy was lasted in 5 lessons time in two weeks. So as to apply the active learning strategy smoothly, the music lesson classroom of the school was used by admittance of school principal. It may be understood that the students’ satisfaction about the lesson was compelled to rise by the active learning strategy. Write, share and learn strategy of active learning pedagogy has an importantly strong effects on students’ learning perceptions. The results demonstrate that compounding these aspects of active learning may support teachers to teach efficaciously and so students can acquire actively in learning settings.

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Lecturers’ Job Effectiveness Tertiary Institutions Benefits in Cross River State, Nigeria

Franca Udey
Pages: 221-226

The present study was aimed at examining the relationship between institutional emolument/fringe benefits and job effectiveness of lecturers in public tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. One hypothesis was formulated and tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient at 0.05 level of significance. The population of this study was 1744 lecturers from four public institutions in Cross River State (University of Calabar, Cross River University of Technology, Federal College of Education Obudu and Cross River State College of Education, Akamkpa). The sample was arrived at using the stratified random sampling technique. The sample size of the study stood at 610 lecturers, which represents 35% of the population. 1830 students from the four institutions were purposively selected to respond to items that measures lecturers’ job effectiveness. The questionnaire formed the major instruments used for data collection for the study. To ensure the reliability of the instruments, a split half method of reliability was adopted. The reliability produced the value of 0.75 and 0.83 respectively. The figures showed a high reliability of the instruments. Result of the study showed a significant relationship between emoluments/fringe benefits and job effectiveness of lecturers. The study recommended among other things that, lecturers deserve their wages/salaries, so managements should endeavor to pay lecturers wages equitable with their counterparts in the world, this would motive them to work.

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Improvement of Mathematics Teacher Performance ThroughAcademic Supervision With Collaborative Approaches

Isa Anshori Suwidiyanti
Pages: 227-242

This study aims to understand the improvement of mathematics teacher performance in learning through academic supervision with a collaborative approach. Using school action research; two cycles are carried out, with 4 stages, namely: Planning, Implementation, Observation, and Reflection. The research subjects were determined purposively, consisting of six mathematics teachers class Ten, Eleven, and Twelve in a well-known high school in Indonesia. Data collection is done through focused observation, in-depth interviews and documentaries, and using academic supervision instruments. The results showed that the use of collaborative approaches in effective academic supervision could improve the performance of mathematics teachers in high schools. This increase in performance was seen in all the tasks and responsibilities of teachers, starting from preparing and developing learning plans (19.40%), implementing the learning process (22.40%), evaluating the process and learning outcomes (4.55%), implementing the follow-up activities of student assessment results (33.00%), to complete the administration of learning (5.84%). This improvement occurred because the supervision carried out in schools was carried out collaboratively, with full peer, involving various components of the school.

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Self-Assessment of Educational Program for Quality Assurance: A Case Study on BS(Agriculture) Program of BSMRAU

Md. Safiul Islam Afrad Muhammad Ziaul Hoque
Pages: 243-257

Self-assessment is a vital mechanism for identifying strong and weak points of an educational institute and a pivotal prerequisite for accreditation. Therefore, the study was conducted to assess the quality of BS(Agriculture) program of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) in respect of its curriculum, teachers and staffs, teaching-learning assessment system, institutional structure and facilities, knowledge and skill development, recruitment system, and student support and counseling. Data were collected from relevant stakeholders such as teachers, students, supporting staff, alumni, and employers using a semi-structured interview schedule. The findings of the study revealed that BS(Agriculture) program of BSMRAU is running smoothly maintaining good quality standards in most of the considering parameters. However, it lacks an internship program and ICT facilities to the students. Besides, there is a scope for further improvement of the transport, health care, and extracurricular facilities for the students.

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Using Social Networking Sites as Medium of Instruction at Tertiary Education During Covid-19 Situation in Bangladesh

Md. Fajlay Rabbi Marzia Khatan Smita Shoeab Mohammad
Pages: 258-264

he objective of the study was to investigate the use of social networking sites as medium of instruction at tertiary level during COVID-19 in Bangladesh. All the participants were from various public universities in Bangladesh. Data was collected from both faculty members and students Major findings of the study reveal that (1) Most of the people use Facebook for social networking in Bangladesh; (2) Most of the students and teachers use cellular data for social networking; (3) Most of the faculty members think social networking site is a very easy medium to communicate with students; (4) Anywhere, anytime teaching-learning can be possible with the help of social networking; (5) Most of the respondents think that the students of rural areas in Bangladesh had fewer access in social networking sites due to lack of network support and technology. Ultimately, social networking site can be a very useful tool for teaching-learning in emergency situations where face to face teaching-learning is not possible.

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The Educational Inclusion in the Deficit of Attention of Elementary Students

Pages: 265-273

Over time, society has undergone various changes and transformations, with the school being the space in which they have been most directly reflected. We go from positivist educational models to constructivist educational models, in order to respond to social needs. Currently, these changes are heading towards a model with new opportunities in learning, with the proposal of attending to social and school diversity, which is increasingly late. However, we stop to ask ourselves, is there educational inclusion?For this, a quantitative study was carried out in a Primary Education center in Madrid, the sample was made up of 100 students in the primary education stage, the objective that was intended to understand and know, are the educational responses The analysis of the results have allowed verifying the difficulties in learning in a great challenge in the classroom currently, introducing new methodologies in the classroom to promote educational inclusion. The results include the need for teacher training to include students in the first stage of their life

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