Volume 4 Issue 3


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The Effect Of Discovery Learning – Based Teaching Material By Utilizing Traditional Game On Mathematic Abilities Of The 2nd Graders Of Elementary School

Sam Isnardiantini Budi Usodo H.Soegiyanto
Pages: 269-274

The objective of research was to find out the effect of discovery learning-based mathematic teaching learning by utilizing traditional games on utilizing traditional game on multiplying and dividing abilities of the 2nd graders of SD Negeri Badran and SD Negeri (Public Elementary School No.02 of Kerten). This study was an experimental quantitative research. The subject of research was the 2nd graders of Public Elementary Schools in Surakarta in the school year of 2017/2018. The result of the limited try out of instructional materials gets the average of 79,51%. The result of the instructional materials wide material’ test has the average of 82,94% . The result of research showed tstatstic of 2.490 >2 t table = 1,997 for experiment group at significance level of 0.5%, so that there is a significant improvement. Thus, discovery learning based-mathematic teaching material utilizing traditional games can improve the students’ multiplying and dividing abilities significantly

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The Effects of Social Gender Equality-Oriented Educational Activities and Materials on Gender Stereotypes of Children

Pages: 275-287

It is frequently stated that stereotypes and cultural values about gender roles are effective in children’s adoption of sexual identities, shaping of their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors in accordance with their sexual identities and the construction of their gender roles. By creating learning environments where roles that will satisfy the needs of modern life developed independently from gender stereotypes, preschool teachers can help structuring perceptions of children on gender equality. In this context, it is considered that preschool education program should be enriched with educational materials and activities to improve a point of view related to gender equality in early childhood period. In this research, it is aimed to investigate the effects of educational activities and materials for gender equality on the gender stereotypes of children in preschool period. The research was conducted as an experimental field study with experimental and control groups. The study group consists of 84 children aged 5 in an independent kindergarten in İzmir. It was found that there was a significant difference between the posttest scores of the experimental and control groups in terms of tasks/jobs, professions, toys, games, hobbies and emotions after the implementation of the education program supporting gender equality.

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Early Mathematics Teaching Profiles

Pages: 288-302

Responding to the scarcity of research on early mathematics teaching profiles, this article reports on a novel assessment approach to identifying characteristics of early mathematics teaching occurring in early childhood settings. The new approach uses the interplay between teachers’ content knowledge in mathematics, knowledge of students and learning, and knowledge of how to teach mathematics effectively during the course of early mathematics as a proxy to identify quality of mathematics instruction provided. In this study, 210 pre-kindergarten to 3rd grade teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest were observed as they taught mathematics. The descriptive results revealed that the quality of mathematics instruction varies considerably among early childhood teachers. Some teachers are identified as delivering high quality mathematics instruction because they provide students with opportunities to fully and purposefully engage in deepening their understanding of important mathematics concepts, whereas others are rated as far lower in quality, because their mathematics teaching is procedural in terms of content emphasized and instructional strategies used. As a whole, observed quality of mathematics teaching was revealed to be mediocre. Implications of results for early math professional development are discussed.

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A Study on Awareness of Social Rights and Privileges for Women among the Female Understudy Educators

Vinnaras Nithyanantham Rekha N
Pages: 303-309

The aim of the current study is to determine on awareness of social rights and privileges for women among the Female Understudy Educators. The Indian Constitution has sanctioned the State to implement measures in favor of women for nullifying the collective socio-economic, educational and political shortcomings faced by them. Anti-social activities against women: dowry, sexual harassment and other deaths are recorded each day in Indian newspapers, according to the national crimes statistics bureau. Who will become the instruments for justice? It is none but the teachers, the women teachers. To instill proper values and to bring awareness to the younger generation, the teachers must be sensitized at first. The women who aspire for teaching profession must get proper knowledge, understanding and awareness regarding rights and privileges of Indian women. So, the investigator initiated to the present study on awareness of Female Understudy Educators regarding rights and privileges for women. The sample for study is selected from Female Understudy Educators in Chennai city Teacher Training Educational Institutions. The sample counted in Female Understudy Educators selected randomly from B.Ed Integrated and B.Ed Normal courses. From the present study the investigators could infer that, the Female Understudy Educators need more awareness related to personal, familial and social life. Even though there was moderate and high level of awareness for 92 per cent of the sample, eight per cent of the sample had low level of awareness. If the present trainees or the future teachers get awareness on social issues, they can impart this awareness to all the female students. It is essential that every citizen of India, especially every woman must have awareness about the constitutional and legal rights.

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Learning together assisted with of 7-in-1 box: Creating Effectiveness of Mathematic Learning outcomes of Elementary School

Pages: 310-319

The implementation of learning model along with the manipulative tools is a key of achievement of mathematic learning. The combination of learning together model and manipulative tool of 7 in 1 box is one of options for teacher in teaching mathematic in elementary school, because it has great effect of learning outcomes. This study aims to find out the effectiveness of learning together model assisted with 7 in 1 box toward the result of mathematic learning on 4rth grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma. This is a quasi experimental study using nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. The population of 4th grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma was 135. Meanwhile, the sampling was conducted by using cluster sampling and it was obtained that 4th grade students of SDN 1 Sokawera as many as 30 students as experiment class and 4th grade of SDN 3 Sokawera as 25 students as control class. Data analysis by using z-test, gain and N-gain test, t-test. From the result of z-test it was obtained that z-table =1,64, on experiment class (z-score = 3,16) and control (z-score = 2.89). the result of analysis of gain test shows that the gain value of experiment class=22 and control class=15, meanwhile N-gain test shows that N-gain of experiment class= 0.58 and control class =0.40. both class show the increase of learning outcome of medium category. From T-test it was obtaine t-score (4.41) > t-table (1.705), thus Ho was rejected. The conclusion shows that the implementation of learning together assisted with 7 in 1 box effective in increasing the study result of mathematic on 4th grade students of SDN Gugus Bisma.

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Developing Lup Instrument Test to Measure Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Bloomian for Senior High School Students

Lilis Erfianti Edi Istiyono Heru Kuswanto
Pages: 320-329

The study aims to developing lup instrument test for measurng higher order thinking skills of students in physics learning. The 4D stage of the model consists of define, planning, design, and disseminate stages. The assessment instrument was developed based on HOTS indicators include the ability to analyze (C4), evaluate (C5), and creat (C6). The test form is a reasoning multiple choice. Subject of this research were all student of XI MIA 1 and XI MIA2 on 2nd semester at SMA Negeri 1 Depok in academic year of 2017/2018. Result of this research are: 1) the higher order thinking skills test instrument proved valid and worthy of use in the learning process. Based on expert validation, the test is valid with Aiken V index value of 0.89, the average value and standard deviation of INFIT MNSQ is 1.01 ± 0.09, and has a good degree of difficulty with a range of difficulty levels between -1.29 to 1.35. The higher order thinking skills test can also be used to measure students higher order thinking skills in physics learning with very low to excellent categories.

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Impact of Education Level on Unemployment Rate in Indonesia

Pages: 321-324

Unemployment is one of the problems that can occur in every region, not even developed countries. This condition can be caused by the incompatibility between work and education and its ability. The analysis used in this study is OLS (Ordinary Least Square) method simple linear regression analysis in 2001-2017. The results of the analysis show that the level of education has a significant and negative influence on the unemployment rate. This shows that the population of secondary school graduates is able to reduce the unemployment rate in Indonesia in 2001 - 2017.

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Self-Perspective of 21st Century Educators: A Challenge in The Globalised Educational World

Vinnaras Nithyanantham Robinson Paulmony Shahzad Ramadan Hasan
Pages: 325-333

In the contemporary techno world the role of a teacher is multi challenged. The role of the teacher is challenged, as the students of present age are gathering ideas from all around. The students are expected to be an all-rounder in every walks of their life. Thus, the role of a successful teacher in teaching the students accordingly should be multi-faceted. In order to fulfil the need of the today’s learners the teacher must be a self-creator of the curriculum based on the situation presented at the classroom. The 21st century educators can be an excellence in their self-perspectives to sense the world and make all the students feel to move around. Excellence is not a skill, but it is the attitude of a person that must be the part of every educators. This study focuses on self-perspective of the educators in the modern professional life to endeavour the socio-cultural requisite of the globe and it is found that the 21st century educators can be an excellence in their self-perspectives to sense the world and make all feel to move.

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The Role of Parents in Improving the Behavior of School’s Students in Azena Primary School, Ethiopia

Gedifew Sewenet Yigzaw
Pages: 334-349

The major purpose of this study is to investigate the role of parents in shaping students’ behavior in Azena primary school (primary first cycle (Grade 1-4) and primary second cycle (Grade 5-8)). The study was descriptive in nature. 40 teachers were selected through census survey method for questionnaire and 10 parents were selected for key informant interview purposively. The collected data were analyzed and interpreted using simple descriptive statistical tools, frequency and percentage. This study reveals that the contribution of parents in improving student school behavior is low due to lack of proper training strategies and poor home-school interaction. This study indicates that improper rule and regulations, negative relationship between student and teacher, lack of continuous monitoring and evaluation of school administrators, poor teaching method, inadequate school facilities, unusual monitoring of parents, and the school administrators are causes of indiscipline. The result found that giving rewards and praises for students behaving well and involving parents are more effective in producing desirable behavior in the school. Besides, the involvement of students in the formulation of school disciplinary policy has been viewed as a good strategy, which most likely can influence them into accepting and showing commitment towards it. Therefore, this study recommends that parents and all school staffs should work together so as to minimize the disciplinary problems of students and to foster the role of parents.

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Implementation of Jigsaw Type Cooperative Learning Model to Improve Economics Learning Results

Rohmat Luqman Hakim Norida Canda Sakti
Pages: 350-357

This study aims to determine the application of the Jigsaw type cooperative learning model to students and whether or not there is an increase in learning outcomes in economic subjects. Jigsaw cooperative learning is learning that focuses on discussion by groups of experts and groups of origin. Discussions conducted by students aim to understand the material being studied. The problem posed is about economic subject matter. This research is a classroom action research consisting of two cycles. This classroom action research is focused on improving student learning outcomes. The results showed that the application of the Jigsaw type cooperative learning model was able to improve the learning outcomes of economic subjects in each cycle.

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Developing Assessment Instrument to Measure Physics Problem Solving Skills for Mirror Topic

Arum Karima Permatasari Edi Istiyono Heru Kuswanto
Pages: 358-366

The Problem solving skills are needed to students in physics learning. Physic problem can be seen in daily, such as mirror topic. Student who has problem solving skills can solve question of mirror topic not only by equation, but also use concepts and principles what he know. This research aimed to develop a valid physics assessment to measure problem-solving skills for Senior High School Students grade XI. The development stages include: (1) determination for general purpose, (2) conceptual definition, (3) operational definition, (4) establishment for indicators, (5) construction for grid questions, and (6) determination for test form. The development stage includes: (1) the content validation by experts, (2) revision of the instrument, (3) the prepation for research (4) trial and empirical validation. The disseminate stage was publication of journal. Subjects of this research was 55 students of Senior High School 2 Yogyakarta. Students as subjects of this research was chosen who had learned mirror topic. According the result of the content validation and the empiric validation, assessment instrument was valid to measure physics problem solving skills in mirror topic. The content validation has 0,96 for all items, while the empirical validation has 0,97 ± 0,18 for Infit MNSQ, it means all items are in accordance with PCM model. the assessment instrument has value of goodness of fit un range -0.94 to 1.12 and has level of item difficulty in range -0,94 to 1.12, those mean all items in the assessment instrumen are good. Futhermore, the assessment instrument is valid in the content validation and the empirical validation and able to measure physics problem solving skills. Categories problem-solving skills of subjects obtained of low, medium and high category.

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Development of Quiz Card Media to Improve Reading Skills and Critical Thinking on Student

Ristuhi Anggar Kusumadewi Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 367-372

This study aims to develop and test the feasibility, practicality, and effectiveness of learning media in the form of quiz card-based learning media to improve reading skills of understanding and critical thinking. The research model used is the Borg and Gall research and development (R & D) model. The feasibility of learning media is based on the results of validation. The practicality of the media is based on the results of observations on the implementation of learning, student activities, and media practicality questionnaires. The effectiveness of the media was tested by nonequivalent control group design. The results showed that quiz card-based learning media were feasible, practical, and effective. Quiz card based learning media has an influence on student learning outcomes. This can be seen from the results of the t-test showing that tcount which is 2.671> than ttable 2.093. The use of quiz card-based learning media also received a very good response from students, which amounted to 90.5%. Based on the results of these studies it can be concluded that the quiz card-based learning media is feasible, practical, and effective to improve reading skills in the fifth grade students' understanding and critical thinking in Tuban State Elementary School.

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Development of Module on Communicative Translation Material in Translation Subject

Titis Surgawi Hermanu Joebagio Djono
Pages: 373-378

The lecture module is part of the lecture material which is systematically arranged based on the topic of discussion and learning outcomes. This study aims to develop a translation module with communicative translation material in exercise questions and to know the effectiveness of using the module for the sixth semester students of the English Education Study Program at the Universitas PGRI Madiun (UNIPMA). Translation subject is given in the sixth semester to prepare students to master the theory of translation, source language and target language especially Indonesian and English as well as their fields of study. In addition, preparing students is proficient in translating. This module was developed using the ADDIE development model, namely 1) Analysis, 2) Design, 3) Development, 4) Implementation and 5) Evaluation. While the samples used in the effectiveness test were 30 class A students as the experimental class and 30 class B students as the control class. The results of product validation in the form of modules carried out by instructional materials experts and material experts obtained an average score of 92.88% so that the product is categorized as very good and suitable for use in the learning process. While the results of student responses to the module obtained an average score of 81.5% and categorized as good and appropriate to use in the learning process. Based on the acquisition of the average pre-test is 62 and post-test values is 71.33, it can be concluded that student learning outcomes increase after using the learning module.

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Development of Student Worksheet Based on Problem Based Learning in Office Management Subject

Durinta Puspasari Durinda Puspasari
Pages: 379-385

This study aims to analyze the feasibility and response of students to the Problem Based Learning Student Worksheet in the Office Management subject that has been developed. This type of research is Research and Development research using a 4-D model namely Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. The subjects in this study were students of the 2016 Class Office Administration Education Department, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, as many as 20 students. Data collection techniques in this study include student worksheet validation sheets based on Problem Based Learning and student response questionnaires. While the data analysis techniques include validation analysis of material experts and linguists, student response questionnaire analysis. The results showed that the results of the material expert validation sheet analysis on Problem Based Learning student worksheets in Office Management subject showed that the percentage of feasibility was 74,29% seen from the feasibility of content and presentation components and 84% seen from linguistic componens. While the result response questionnaire analysis showed that the percentage of eligibility was 72%.

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Quiet Book Media Development to Improve Ecosystem Material Learning Results in Class V Elementary School

A. Indra Nihlah Annashih Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 386-394

The objective of this study is to find out (1) Quiet Book media development procedures (2) Feasibility of developing Quiet Book media. This type of research is Research and Development (R & D) research, with a trial design of One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. A limited-scale trial was carried out on 5 VA class students and a large-scale trial was conducted on 25 VB grade students at the Elementary School in Wringinanom village. Data collection was conducted using questionnaires, observations, and tests . Questionnaires are used to obtain student response data, observations are employed to obtain learning implementation data, and tests used are to obtain learning outcomes data on cognitive aspects of students. The results showed that the developed media had been declared feasible by obtaining 92% validity percentage, 93% practicality of learning implementation, and effectiveness of student learning outcomes from pretest to posttest which is 75.04 to 93.52, so that an average increase in scores of 18 was obtained. Effectiveness was also analyzed using N-Gain with Gain value of 0.74. So if it is interpreted in the Normalized Gain index table according to Hake, it is included in the High category (0.70 <g <1.00). Thus, it can be concluded that the development of Quiet Book media is declared feasible to be used as a learning media.

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Developing Appreciative Literature Textbook Based on Thematic-Integrative Through Active Learning

Endang Sri Markamah St. Y. Slamet Rukayah Retno Winarni
Pages: 334-341

The objectives of this research were: (1) to describe students’ and lecturers’ needs on poetry and drama appreciative textbook, (2) to describe the development of textbook model (3) to find the effectiveness of textbook model 4) to describe textbook dissemination. The type of research used was research and development. Research was done through 4 stages: (1) exploration, (2) model development, (3) model testing, (4) dissemination. Exploration stage used qualitative descriptive approach. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, observation, documentation, and questionnaires. Data analysis technique was interactive analysis model. Model testing was done through experimental research. The results of this research were: (1) the exploration stage showed that the poetry and drama learning textbook used by Elementary Teacher Education Program (ETEP) students in Surakarta did not meet the students’ and lecturers’ need, (2) model development stage produced appreciative poetry and drama textbook through preliminary field testing; (3) model testing phase was to test effectiveness of the textbook used t-test non-independent technique. It was obtained tobtain of 23 and ttable(90; 0.05) of 1.67. Thus, tobtained (23) > ttable (1.67) which meant that the hypothesis was accepted (Ho was rejected). In conclusion, the Appreciative Poetry and Drama textbook model was effectively improve students' poetry and drama appreciation skills. Dissemination was done through national seminars, article writing in international journals, as well as the publishing of an Integrative-thematic Textbook of Poetry and Drama Learning with ISBN

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Factors Affecting Female Students’ Academic Performance in Second Cycle of Primary Schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Endalsasa Belay Abitew
Pages: 403-419

The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting female students’ academic performance in second cycle of primary schools in Bahir Dar City Administration. Descriptive survey research design was employed. Four second cycle primary public schools were selected through simple random sampling technique. Students, teachers, principals, supervisors and Bahir Dar City Administration Education Officials were the respondents of the study. Questionnaire, interview, FGD and observation were employed to collect the relevant data. To analyze the quantitative data, simple descriptive statistical techniques like frequencies and percentages were employed. To support the quantitative data, the qualitative data were also analyzed thematically. The result of the study showed that female students had less achieved in academic performance as compared with male students. Various factors like parents’ education level, school facilities, income level of parents, domestic workloads, school environment, attitude of the society towards female education were found to be the major factors determining the academic performance of female students. Since the factors affecting female students’ academic performance are emanated from different perspectives, the study recommends that the involvement of various stakeholders is needed in order to enhance the academic performance of female students.

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Multicultural Education Based On Local Education In Elementary School

Hengki Dwi Julianto Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 420-426

The purpose of this study is to describe multicultural education based on local wisdom in elementary schools. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative. The research location is in Balun State Elementary School, Lamongan Regency. Data sources in the study were explored through research subjects, namely principals, teachers, and students. Methods of data collection using interviews, observation and documentation. Data are analyzed through data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. Research results are reflected in the initial steps of the teacher preparing himself as an educator by transforming himself in order to become a multicultural person. The two nuances of the school that uphold tolerance. Third the learning process always pays attention to the individual and respects dignity, dignity and freedom in thinking. Fourth coaching tolerance. Fifth, inter-religious harmony. The six local values are implemented in the design of learning and action. Based on the data analysis, the conclusions about the process of multicultural education in Balun State Elementary School 1 Lamongan include: 1) multicultural education planning, 2) implementation of multicultural education and local wisdom-based multicultural education strategies.

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Text Book As a Java Culture Recognıtıon Medıa in Indonesıan Learnıng For Foreıgn Speaker (BIPA) in Sebelas Maret University

Murtianis Andayani Muhammad Rohmadi
Pages: 427-434

The development of Indonesian language is increasingly evident. Indonesian language increasingly exists not only in Indonesia, but also abroad. One effective government program to advance Indonesian is through the BIPA program. This program is not only intended to introduce Indonesian, but also to introduce Indonesian culture. One of the media that is used in BIPA learning to introduce the Indonesian culture, especially Javanese culture, is the use of textbooks. This textbook is used as an intermediary on aspects of Javanese culture that are not possible to be shown directly to foreign students as BIPA learning subjects. The Javanese cultures presented by textbooks in BIPA learning include 1) traditional transportation, 2) traditional food and drinks, 3) traditional arts, 4) traditional clothes, and 5) ancient temples in Java. This research is descriptive qualitative. The data source in this research was the written data source, which is in the form of data contained in textbooks used in BIPA learning.

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Development of Vlog Learning Media (Video Tutorial) on Student Materials. Tax at SMK PGRI 1 Jombang

Bics Al Hibra Luqman Hakim Tri Sudarwanto
Pages: 435-438

There needs to be learning media in teaching and learning activities and it is very needed to support learning outcomes and the enthusiasm of learning students and is very helpful for teachers in delivering messages well to students. The purpose of this learning media development research is to find out the feasibility of a Vlog -based learning media or video tutorial validated by some experts both media experts and evaluation experts, the second describes student responses to learning media through the development of Vlog -based learning media, and the third describes student learning outcomes after using Vlog learning media. This study adapted the research method from Thiagarajan which is often referred to as 3D, with the test criteria limited to 16 students with heterogeneous abilities. The results of the research development of vlog learning mediadeclared feasible as a learning media in the tax administration method by experts in terms of the material feasibility aspect e \ valuation which consists of objective and subjective questions, media feasibility aspects consisting of quality content and objectives, instructional quality and technical quality, student response and results learn. It can be concluded that the development of Vlog learning media on the material Tax administration at SMK PGRI 1 Jombang is very feasible to use.

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Promoting Local Wisdom in International Primary Curriculum Aims to Develop Learners’ Problem Solving Skills

Agus Kristanto Suharno Gunarhadi
Pages: 439-447

Providing the best quality of education service must correlate to students’ need in facing future challenges. This study aims to identify needs in integrating local wisdom to international curriculum and to define the effect of using International Primary Curriculum module, by introducing local wisdom, to develop students’ problem solving skill. Research and Development method with ADDIE model is applied to produce module that answers the need. The participants include Grade 6 students of Primary Program Focus Independent School, Surakarta, Indonesia. The analysis stage provides data on learners’ initial performance, school facilities and needs. The prototype produced at the design stage, with its product validation carried out by experts on the instructional media, the material for content eligibility, aspects of presentation feasibility and language, and experts’ feedbacks are taken as standards to implement module in the class. Problem Based Learning in the IPC module provides data that students' mindset in digging information, developing ideas, planning, making decisions and conclusions undergo changes. This can be seen from the results of observation when students do exploring, thinking, planning, analyzing and synthesizing. However, students' ability in evaluating has not shown equal quality to other problem solving aspects. The percentage of activity in the module that emphasizes the initial phases of problem solving, i.e. problem identification, information gathering, developing ideas and planning can be potential causes for students to have less progress in this area. The increasing number of students qualifying the standard indicates that the use of module can promote better thinking skills.

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Teaching Aids Effectiveness in Learning Mathematics

Shwan H. H. Alshatri Karzan Wakil Kazhal Jamal Ribwar Bakhtyar
Pages: 448-453

Teaching Aids (TA) are those accessories, tools, and items used by the classroom teacher to assist students in understanding the concepts of the lesson. In other word, Using a TA is to explain the lesson efficiently so that the students can grasp the lesson idea and messages efficiently. There are many types of TA whereas considering student grade levels, corresponding interests and abilities for selecting any type have a great impact on student engagement beyond a traditional lecture format. This study aims to examine the effects of the use of different teaching aids (visual, audio and audiovisual)in teaching Mathematics in the primary schools especially in grade 7 to 9. This study uses the descriptive method on the cadastral form. The results showed that the preferred teaching aids are audiovisual by rating 80%, compared to the other two teaching aids which are visual and audio by rating 6% and 14% respectively.

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Cultural Issues in Indonesian Language Learning for Foreign Speakers

Ichsan Fauzi Rachman Andayani Suyitno
Pages: 454-460

This study shows that the existence of culture in Indonesian language learning for foreign speakers (BIPA) has an important role. In addition to being used to enrich teaching materials in BIPA learning, cultural content is able to introduce Indonesian cultural identity to the international realm, both locally and nationally. Cultural content in BIPA learning is also one of the strategic steps that can be applied as a strategy to face MEA. Through cultural-based BIPA learning, it is expected that foreign students who learn Indonesian will be closer and know about multiculturalism in Indonesia. This research was conducted at State Universities in Surakarta City, namely UNS and IAIN. Data collection techniques are carried out in three ways, namely (1) Observation, (2) document analysis, and (3) interview. The data validity technique in this study is triangulation technique. Meanwhile, the studies discussed in the study were about the implementation of culture-based Indonesian language learning carried out at state universities holding the BIPA program in Surakarta and several relevant literature studies.

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Cost-Related Entrepreneurial Management Practices and Financing of Private Secondary Schools in Rubaga Division – Kampala (Uganda)

Sande Erunao Muwanguzi Badru Musisi Gyaviira Musoke Genza
Pages: 461-471

Faced with an increasingly escalating problem of private school financing, the study examined the contribution of existing cost-related entrepreneurial management practices on the financing of private schools in Rubaga Division (Kampala). More specifically, the study considered the contribution of user charges and payment in-kind on school financing. It employed a cross-sectional survey design involving 150 teachers from 15 schools. Results revealed that there is a statistically significant but weak relationship between the two cost-related practices and financing of private schools. The study concluded that prevalent cost-related practices are neither adequate nor equally effective in ensuring a steady flow of financial resources for schools, hence need for both more enterprising alternatives and due diligence. Other recommendations for better financial resource mobilisation and management were made.

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The Influence National Examinations on Classroom Practice in Primary Schools in Uganda: Case of Kampala and Kabale Districts

John Mary Vianney Mitana Anthony Mugagga Muwagga Cornelius Ssempala
Pages: 472-480

Most classroom practices in developing countries are of an authoritarian nature and teacher-driven. Learners are rarely involved in the teaching and learning processes. Consequently, many of them complete school without learning enough of what they are expected to learn to optimally function in their respective societies. Studies have continuously blamed such a situation on the influence of national examinations. However, there is limited consensus on the magnitude and direction of such influence. This study, therefore, set out to explore the influence of public examinations on classroom practice. The study sample included 124 teachers, 540 pupils, 18 school administrators, 10 parents and 02 officials from the private assessment institutions (Uwezo and RTI) and one official from Uganda National Examination Board. The study reveals that teachers’ selection of teaching methods is directly influenced by assessment, particularly public examinations. The methods used in teaching were those that encourage rote learning and memorisation of facts. Therefore, little or no effort is dedicated to teaching and learning methodologies that could foster the acquisition of high order thinking skills like critical thinking or problem-solving. The study argues that national examinations can be used to improved classroom practice if the content and methods of assessment are tuned to the educational objectives. The study recommends the inclusion of more test items with high order thinking skills in the Primary Leaving Examinations. This will motivate teachers and pupils to focus classroom practice on higher order thinking competencies instead of rote learning.

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Improving Students' Creativity in Video Making by Problem Based Learning Model

Supri Wahyudi Utomo Moh. Ubaidillah Soetarno Joyoatmojo Sri Yutmini Nunuk Suryani
Pages: 481-488

This research is motivated by the lack of students’ creativity on video making in Multimedia subject of Accounting Department. This is caused by the less precise learning model chosen by the teacher. Video making in Multimedia subject is very essential as students are encourage to be able to create media in teaching in order to make the students understand the materials easily. This research is meant to improve students’ creativity in video making in Multimedia subject by using problem based learning model. The research used Pre-Experimental Design with One Shot Case Study. This study used quote sampling as the sampling technique and obtained as many as 41 students from the 4th semester of Accounting Education Department. The data were collected through questionnaires and student learning outcomes. The data were then analyzed by using structural equation modeling (SEM) and partial least squares (PLS) tool. The results showed that the problem-based learning model positively influenced the improvement of creativity in video making. Furthermore, the value of student learning achievment is more than 70.

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