Volume 4 Issue 4


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Developing Instrument Assessment of Student’s Process Skills in Physics Learning Based on Local Wisdom

Allivna Mundilarto
Pages: 489-495

The aim of this research is to produce instrument of student process skill assessment on project learning based on local wisdom gasing bamboo. The process skill assessment instrument is an observation sheet. The method used in this study refers to Mardapi development. The research step is to arrange instrument specification, write manuscript, study instrument, instrument test, instrument analysis and instrument revision. The instrument is validated by 10 validators for analysis through Aiken V and uses eduG-6e to calculate its reliability. The conclusion in this research is generated instrument of assessment process with its validity range between 0,73 until 1.00 and its reliability value equal to 1.00.

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The Efficiency of Virtual Museum in Development of Grade Eight Students’ Achievements and Attitudes towards Archaeology in Oman

Nada Ali Ambusaidi Ahmed Hamad Al-Rabaani
Pages: 496-503

This study investigates the effectiveness of using virtual museum in teaching social studies for the development of eighth grade students’ achievement and attitudes towards archaeology. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with a sample of 60 females, comprising one experimental and one control group (each consisting of 30 students). The experimental group was taught by virtual museum, while the control group was taught by the traditional method. The data was collected by administering an achievement test with thirty questions and a 43-item attitudinal scale. The validity of these instruments was checked by a panel of judges and reliability was examined using Cronbach’s alpha: (.712) for the test and (.891) for the scale. The results showed significant differences (α=0.05) between the means of the groups in favor of experimental groups in achievement test and attitudes towards archaeology and towards using museum in teaching. The study thus indicates that the use of virtual museums is beneficial in providing a supportive and encouraging learning environment.

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Development, Reliability, and Validity of Open-ended Test to Measure Student’s Digital Literacy Skill

Riki Perdana Riwayani Riwayani Jumadi Jumadi Dadan Rosana
Pages: 504-516

This study aims to developing open-ended test for measuring digital literacy skills of students. There are three step of this study, it was defining the construc and formatting objectives, validity by expert review and item administration. The open-ended test was develop based on five components of digital literacy skill: information, communication, content creation, safety, and problem-solving. The open-ended test was initially piloted on four group of samples: interviews and validity by physics expert (2 Professor, 1 Doctoral), professional teachers (N=2), and college students of graduate school (N=2). Modification were made afterwards and the test was administered to a group of science students from high school in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia (N=129). Result of this study are: (1) The open-ended test instrumen proved valid and worthy of use to measure digital literacy skill; (2) Based on expert validation, the teset is valid with CVR value 1.00; (3) the average value and standard deviation of INFIT MNSQ is .83-1.21 (fit with rasch model/good item); (4) The item has a good degree of difficulty with range of difficulty level between (moderate level). The student’s digital literacy skill test can also be used to measure student’s skill with very low to excellent categories.

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Experimentation of STAD and Jigsaw Learning Models on Learning Achievements in terms of Learning Motivation

Mela Dewi Putri Berlyana Yunastiti Purwaningsih
Pages: 517-524

The purpose of this study was to compare the value of the pretest and posttest in the experimentation of the STAD and Jigsaw learning models on learning achievement in terms of learning motivation. This research is a quantitative research with an experimental method. The population of this study was all X grade students of IPS of SMA Negeri 3 Boyolali in the Academic Year of 2017/2018with a total of 108 students, the study sample was determined by a cluster sampling technique of 2 classes with a total sample of 72 students. The learning model in the experimental class used the STAD method and the control class used the Jigsaw method. Data collection techniques in this study were the method of documentation, tests, and questionnaires. The research hypothesis test used two-way analysis of variance with a 2x2 factorial design and a significant level of 5%. The analysis prerequisite test that is carried out is the normality test and homogeneity test using SPSS 23. From the results of the analysis it can be concluded that (1) differences in the effect of economic learning achievement between students who learn using STAD and Jigsaw cooperative learning models; (2) differences in the effect of learning motivation of students using STAD and Jigsaw cooperative models on economic learning achievement; (3) whether there is an influence of the interaction between the learning model and the learning motivation of students on economic learning achievement.

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The Investigation of Self Directed Learning Skills of Teachers In Kartepe (The District of Kocaeli In Turkey) : A Qualitative Study

Funda Arslan
Pages: 525-535

In this study, it is aimed to examine the opinions of teachers' self-directed learning skills with semi-structured interview form.The participants include 40 teachers from a primary and two secondary schools in Kartepe ( the district of Kocaeli). Self-Directed Learning Interview Form which has been designed by reading the relevant literature and seeking the experts’ opinions includes five questions related to phases of Self Direction in learning. The form was administered teachers face to face mostly.The interviews were audiorecorded and then transcribed by the researchers.The results of this represent each phase of Self-Directed Learning and also consistent with the studies in the literature.

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Effectiveness of Teaching Materials of History to Improve the Political Awareness at SMA Katolik Diponegoro Blitar, Indonesia

Jeffry Dwi KURNİAWAN Muhammad AKHYAR Susanto
Pages: 536-542

This study aimed to find out the effectiveness of teaching materials of the struggle of Todung Sutan Gunung Mulia to improve the students’ political awareness. This study was conducted in class XI of Specialization in Linguistics, Sciences, and Social Sciences for the Indonesian history subject at SMA Katolik Diponegoro Blitar. The approach used in this research was the quasi-experimental approach with the pretest posttest control group design. The population and sample in this research were determined using the random sampling technique. The techniques of analyzing data used in this research were normality test, homogeneity test, mean similarity test and effectiveness test. The result of the research showed that the students who learned the history using the teaching materials of the struggle of Todung Sutan Gunung Mulia had the higher political awareness if compared to the students who were not provided with the treatment (the lecture method). This could be proven that there was a positive and significant improvement after the students were provided by the treatment in the experimental classroom. The average score of the students’ political awareness which was initially 160.56 increased to 177.64, while the average score in the control classroom did not have a positive and significant improvement. The average score of the students’ political awareness which was initially 163.24 increased to 174.80. The increased score of the political awareness in the control classroom was not significant if compared to the experimental classroom.

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Development of Vector Representation Test Instrument for Senior High School Students in Realizing Learning Outcomes

Puji İman NURSUHUD Warsono Supahar Rio Sandhika DARMA
Pages: 543-554

The study was conducted to developthe vector representation ability test items for seniorhigh school students and obtain Item Curve Characteristics (ICC). Grid test instruments are arranged based on competencies and vector representation indicators which are then used to compile items. The test instrument consists of five question items related to vector representation which includes drawing vectors, determining the magnitude and direction of vectors and performing vector operations. The validated instrument was piloted in 296 students from three schools in Batang Regency, Central Java. Politomus data were analyzed using the QUEST program for classical analysis and PARSCALE 4 for modern analysis theory based on Partial Credit Model (PCM). The results of the data analysis of the trial itemsindicate that of the five item questions, only 4 questions were fit with PCM. The reliability of the test instrument is 0.72, the level of difficulty of the items is in the range of 0.79 to 1.35. The information function and Standard Error Measurement (SEM) show that test items are developed reliably to measure the vector abilities of students with the average category in -1,6< θ<+3,2 logit scale with SEM ± 0,5.

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AnalysisofBased Test InstrumentsLocal Wisdomof Terbang Papatto Measure Mathematical Representation Capabilities in Learning Physics

Danis Alif OKTAVİA Ahdika SETYADİ Warsono Supahar
Pages: 555-563

This study aims to analyze the mathematical representation ability test instruments based on local wisdomof terbang papatto high school students. The research method used by compiling the instrument grid based on aspects of the ability of mathematical representation based on local wisdomof terbang papat, which is then used to compile indicators and items. The test instrument consists of four indicators of the ability of mathematical representation, each of which has five items and has been validated by expert judgment, physics teacher and peer reviewer. The validated instrument was tested on 338 students from two high schools in Kudus Regency. Data obtained in the form of polytomus data, then analyzed using Partial Credit Model (PCM). The results obtained showed that all test instruments of mathematical representation ability were proven to be fit with PCM, reliability of test instruments was declared reliable based on PCM results, total information function was between -2.00 to +1.8, difficulty indexes were more than -2.0 and less than 2.0 (-2.0 ≤b≤ + 2.0) which means all items are in good category. Thus the ability test instrument based on terbang papat local wisdom can be used to measure the ability of students' mathematical representation according to the partial credit model based on the five categories of polytomus data

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Capabilities Comparison of Surabaya and Malaysia Economic Teachers in Innovative Learning Model Application

Bambang Suratman Yoyok Soesatyo Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 564-572

.The objective of this study is to compare the capability of economic teachers in applying innovative learning models between teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia. Survey research methods, with data sources or participation of all high school / vocational school economics teachers in Surabaya City and economic teachers in Malaysia. Sampling technique uses probability random sampling, by appointing 100 teachers from Surabaya and 100 teachers from Malaysia. Techniques for collecting data use: (1) Questionnaire via email, (2) documentation study, on learning devices, with research instruments consisting of: (1) questionnaire, (2) learning device documents. Data from this study result are analyzed using descriptive statistics and SEM, to describe comparison in innovative learning models between teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia. The conclusions in this study include: (1) The understanding between Surabaya and Malaysia economic teachers has a significant effect on the innovative learning models application, (2) the ability of economic teachers not to support significantly in applying innovative learning models, (3) sustainable self-development for economic teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia have a significant effect on inner skills, applying innovative learning models in their classrooms

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The Impact of The Development of Blended Learning Models Using Computer applications in Higher Education

Munir TUBAGUS Suyitno MUSLİM Suriani
Pages: 573-581

This study showed that the impact of development of blended learning models can improve student learning outcomes, the learning process that utilizes information technology in the form of computers which equipped with telecommunications facilities (Internet, intranet, and multimedia (graphics, audio, video) as a medium in thedelivery of materials and interactions between teachers and learners. This method of research was R&D (Research and Development), which research was to produce products and test the effectiveness of the product. There were four phases of e-learning making, including (1) system analysis including hardware, software, learning and student development materials (2) designing, including instructional design analysis, teaching materials and media (software) (3) Implementation, namely the product and development of the resulting Learning Management System, (4) evaluation, which was the assessment stage by experts to test the feasibility of the System. This research was conducted at the Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) Manado Faculty of Economics and Islamic Business. Data collection techniques were conducted in three ways, namely (1) observation, (2) document analysis, and (3) interviews. The data validity technique in this study was the triangulation technique.

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Development of Cartoon Concept Based Student Worksheet with Structured Inquiry Approach to Train Science Process Skills

Pages: 582-592

The aims of this study are (1) to produce cartoon concept based student worksheet is valid, practical, and effective to train science process skills, (2) describe the validity, practicality, and effectiveness of cartoon concept based student worksheet to train process skills science. This research used development research with three stages, namely defining, designing, and developing. The results of expert validation state that the student worksheet is ready for use. Furthermore, it was tested on the fifth-grade students in Kedungdoro elementary school Surabaya with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The result of this research shows that (1) the cartoon concept based student worksheet is valid, because the readability assessment shows that the average number of words that can be completed by students is 73.13 from 81 words or 90.29%, it indicates that the level of readability of student worksheet is high and easy to understand by students in learning. besides that the activities of students showed positive results, namely observing 13.37%; make a hypothesis 14.17%; experiment 13.06%; measure 14.36%; classify 12.20%; interfere with 13.85%, communicate 13.52%; and conclude 13.75%. (2) The cartoon concept based student worksheet can make the student’s science process skills increase with the gain score is 0.80

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The Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Ability on Learning Outcomes at SMP Katolik Stella Maris Biudukfoho, Indonesia

Yohana Febriana TABUN Widha SUNARNO Sukarmin
Pages: 593-601

This study aimed to test the influence of critical thinking ability towards the learning outcomes of the students at SMPK Stella Maris Biudukfoho. The process of collecting the sample of the experimental classroom I and the experimental classroom II was byusing the cluster random sampling technique. The subject of this study numbered 60 students of Class VIII Year 2018/2019. The used instrument was the test instrument to measure the critical thinking ability and the learning outcomes of the knowledge aspect, the non-test instrument in the form of questionnaire that was used to measure attitude, while the observation sheet was used to measure the students’ skills. The data was analyzed using the simple regression equation. The result of the research showed that there was no influence of the critical thinking ability towards the learning outcomes

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Design and Content Validity Analysis of Physics Test based on Local Wisdom for High School Students

Nunung FADİLAH Mundilarto
Pages: 602-609

This research was conducted to design the physics test instrument based on local wisdom “Gasing”used in measuring the cognitive skill of the 11th-gradesenior high school students and to analyze the content validity. The question formatof the test is two-tier multiple-choice. The first tier consists of 5 answer choices and the second tier consistsof 5 choices of answer reasons. A methodological study was conducted to examine the content validity of the physics test instrument through atwo-step process (design and judgment). The design stage was conducted through five-steps, including determining the objectives, selecting the appropriate item format, preparing the table of specifications, writing the test items, and editing the test items. At the expert’s judgment stage wasto analyze the content validity obtained from the assessment of six validators (3 lecturers and 3 physics teachers) using the Aiken’s formula. Based on the results of the research showedthat the highest content validity value was oneand the content validity index of 32 items wasabove 0.78. Thus, the physics test instrument based on local wisdom “Gasing” that developed wasvalid and feasible in terms of the validity of its contents.

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Development of Portfolio-Based Modules with Enrichment Model to Improve Creative Thinking in Middle Schoo

Sangkin Mundi Asri Hermanu Joebagio Djono
Pages: 610-616

One of the objectives of learning Mathematics in Indonesia is for students to get various provisions when facing challenges in the global era. Therefore, the ability to understand is emphasized in the development of thinking processes. Teaching materials are obviously needed to bridge the material so that it is conveyed to students correctly according to the learning objectives. One of the appropriate and necessary teaching materials in Mathematics learning is an Enrichment based portfolio module. The objectives of this research were to find out the condition of learning Mathematics in the Surakarta State Middle School nowadays. The second objective wasto know the development of portfolio learning modules with the Enrichment model to improve creative thinking. The third objective was to determine the effectiveness of the portfolio learning module with the Enrichment model that can improve creative thinking. The type of research used in this research was development research. The instruments used in this research were material expert and media assessment sheets on teaching materials, student response questionnaires and learning outcomes tests. After the teaching material was made, it was then validated by the expert team. Validation was carried out by two material experts and design experts. After the medium was validated and revised, then a user trial was then carried out, namely the trial of small groupsand large groups. Based on the results of these trials, the teaching materials were revised again if weaknesses were found again. Next was the implementation stage of teaching materials for 8th grade students in one of the Surakarta City Middle Schools

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Need Analysis of Learning Model of History Integrated with Leadership Values of Mangkunegara I through Reflective Pedagogy Paradigm

Yoel Kurnawan RAHARJO Sariyatun Warto
Pages: 617-623

History learning has strategic objectives as the formation of dignified national character and civilization. This is inseparable from the function of history learning as transfer of knowledge and transfer of values. However, the strategic objectives and functions in the field are not achieved because of two issues, namely non-innovative learning models and inappropriate learning approaches. This study wanted to observe the conditions of history larning occurred at school. The location of the research was at SMA Kolese De Britto, Yogyakarta. This school was chosen because it had the characteristics, namely leadership based school and the learning approach, namely reflective pedagogy paradigm. This study used the qualitative method with the approach of case study. The techniques of collecting data included deep interview, study of literature, questionnaire and observation. The objectives of this study were 1) to observe the history learning at school, 2) to analyze the product need of the learning model of history. The result of the research showed that it was necessary to have the product of the learning model of history integrated with the leadership values of Mangkunegara I through Reflective Pedagogy Paradigm in accordance with the characteristic of the school, namely “leadership” based school

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The Difficulties in Implementing Scientific Approach for Mathematics Learning

Pages: 624-636

The learning system of Curriculum 2013 uses a scientific approach regulated in the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation Number 65 of 2013. The scientific approach emphasizes the importance of collaboration and cooperation among students in knowing and understanding various materials. The purpose of curriculum 2013 is making students are able to formulate a problem and study analytical thinking. However, in fact, teachers face difficulties in implementing the scientific approach. It is a descriptive qualitative study. Data is obtained through observation on the mathematics learning process of X grade at Kupang city. The results reveal that there are several difficulties faced by the teachers in implementing the scientific approach. They are (1) difficulty in making students actively involved in the learning process, (2) difficulty in stimulating students to ask questions, (3) difficulty in making students formulate their own knowledge, and (4) difficulty in fostering the courage and language skills of students to communicate results.

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Evaluation of Amoma,Giya,AlayonSa Kalampusan(Foster, Guide, Work Together Towards Success)Program at School Level Using ABCD Model

Pages: 637-643

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Amoma, Giya, Alayon sa Kalampusan (AGAK)Program, a child nurture, drop out reduction program initiative of Department of Education-Division of Bohol, Philippines,at Haguilanan High School using the ABCD Evaluation Model of Ochave. This study specifically investigatedthe effectiveness of the program’s implementation by looking in to the four components indicated in the evaluation model: A -the students; B -the programs and operations; C -the effects and D -the social impact; and determined the intents and actualities of each component to identify the gaps between these two. Interviews were conducted to the eight junior high school teachers of the school, to know the processes in the implementation of the program as well as the issues and challenges experienced while carrying out the said program. Although the AGAK Program is a promising drop out reduction program, its implementation in the school experienced issues in the identification of the beneficiaries of the program, the assistance given to the beneficiaries and the program’s monitoring. Thus recommendations were made to enhance the implementation at the school level.

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Assessing the Reading Competence Needs of Senior High School Students in National Examination: Teachers’ Perspective

Arie Mayang Koesoema ADHI Joko NURKAMTO Nur Arifah DRAJATI
Pages: 644-651

The focus of this research is to asses the Reading competence needs of senior high school students in English National Examination (ENE) based on teachers’ perspective. The background in conducting this research mainly because of two things. The first one is the importance of curriculum evaluation behind the Needs Analysis itself. The second one is the importance of the certain preparation for strengthening English material to face the incoming English National Examination. Both of these backgrounds are equally important for students and teachers at once. This study is carried out with the objectives to answer the problems, that is to know what do 12 grader senior high school students’ needs in order to have English Reading competence of National Examination based on teachers’ perspective. The next objective is to find out what kinds of effort do teachers make to fulfil those needs. The last objective is to discover what obstacles are faced by teachers in order to fulfill those needs. All of these questions are framed within the scope of the teacher's perspective. The data of this research, included some questionnaires. This research already debriefed 5 English teachers who teach grade 12. They are from MGMP or English Teacher Forum of senior high schools in Boyolali Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. They were involved in filling out the questionnaire & also interview where the results were used as the main data in this study. The final findings in this study include the fact that: (1) the basic needs of students in reading competence are the mastership in Reading comprehension, the mastery of sufficient and adequate vocabulary and also high motivation in learning, (2) the teachers then made several programs to meet the needs of the students by providing additional Reading material and adding vocabulary, implementing Computer Based National Examination Simulation, Increasing awareness and motivation of students in reading English texts, Applying group discussion and student mentoring, Inserting speaking material in Reading learning, & makingEnglish Modules (3) students' instant habits in usinggadget, the inconsistency between the compulsory in12th grade curriculum and the material that must be taught by the teacher in the National Exam preparation class, lack of English teacher curriculum,books from the government are poor in content, low motivation & concentration of students in English lessons in the classroom, and low vocabulary mastery of studentsare the main obstacles that are facedby teachers in their efforts to increase students Reading competence in ENE.

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Quadrilateral Learning Based on Brain Potencies of 7th Grade in Karanganyar Regency, Indonesia

Marwah Wulan MULIA Budi USODO Tri Atmojo KUSMAYADI Tri Atmojo KUSMAYADI
Pages: 652-659

The aim of the current study is to compare two learning models in quadrilaterallearning. The models are Whole Brain Teaching (WBT) and Brain-Based Learning (BBL). This research is quasi-experimental research with a 2x3 factorial design. The population of this research was the 7th grade of junior high school in Karanganyar Regency with 181 students as the sample, 91 students taught with WBT and 90 students taught with BBL. Data analysis using a two-way ANOVA test with different cells. In this researchindicating that learning models and the students' learning stylehave a significant impact onthequadrilateral learning achievement.The result showed that Fa(9.79)> Ftable (3.89) it means (1) the students who were taught by WBT model had better achievement with student who was taught by BBL model, (2) Fb(25.05)>Ftable(3.05) it means auditory learners have better achievement than visual and kinesthetic , visual learners have achievement than kinesthetic learners, and (3) Fab (0.0197) < Ftable (3.05) it means there is no interaction between the learning model and learning style

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The Development of Self-ManagementTechnique for Improving Students’Moral Intelligence

Pages: 660-669

This study aims to develop a model ofself-management techniques group counseling to improve moral intelligence. This goal is achieved through research R & D approach. The data collection is done to 1) Expert of guidance and counseling for an expert test of model and instrument of psychology scale through open question instrument, 2) Counseling teacher and counseling to testing practitioner of model and instrument of psychological scale through open question instrument, 3) Student through the psychological scale of intelligence moral. The results obtained based on preliminary studies that students have moderate moral intelligence category. Furthermore, based on the results of model tests and psychological scale instruments need to be revised in several aspects. Test the effectiveness of the model using the Wilcoxon formula, can be concluded that self-management technique group counseling model is effective to improve students' moral intelligence. The results of this study indicate that each student is able to improve his moral intelligence through self-management on an ongoing basis and with intact intentions. Students who have moral intelligence can develop comfortable and safe environmental conditions for themselves and others.

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Examination of the Democratic Attitudes: Gifted-TalentedStudents

Pages: 670-679

In this study, opinions of gifted talented students on democratic attitudes were examined. There are 16 students diagnosed with special talent. Qualitative research method and semi-structured interview form were used in the study. Descriptive analysis method was used in the study. During the research process, democratic attitudes of gifted talented students in individual, family, social, environmental and institutional relations were examined. As a result of the research, democratic attitudes; equality, justice, knowing and respecting the rights of others, awareness of their rights and freedoms, taking responsibility and knowing their responsibilities, respect for the right to life, common decision-making and environmental sensitivity have emerged as a result of high. The results of the research were discussed within the scope of the data collected and the results obtained as a result of the analysis.

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