Volume 7 Issue2

March 2022

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Investigation of the Beliefs and Assessment of the Security Feeling in Primary Education in Greece in Relationship to Rapid Onset Natural Disasters

Pages: 56-70

The aim of the research is the awakening, participation and alertness of educators and students of Primary Education schools in Greece when it comes to rapid onset Natural Disasters pre-emption. The aim is the alertness of educators, as well as students of school units, so that they are able to face rapid onset natural disasters with prudence and composure, both during them, by putting themselves in the minimum possible danger, and after their finish, by taking part in the rehabilitation of “damages” of any kind. At an early stage, through the distribution of two questionnaires, one for educators and one for students, we invited the participants to answer questions relevant to their status and knowledge, when it comes to rapid onset natural disasters and their safe living in their school environment. In total, the participants exceeded two thousand (2,000) persons. One thousand twenty seven (1,027) educators, serving the Primary Education, and nine hundred eighty four (984) random students from all over the country, answered the digital questionnaires created through the application ArcGIS Survey123 (part of Geospatial Cloud by Esri), which is an integrated solution to the creation, distribution and analysis of survey data. From the statistical analysis of their answers, their beliefs regarding the subject examined arose and the proposed means of action is profiled, so that persons participating on the educational procedure can achieve their meaningful training, in order for them to feel safer and more aware, imparting their knowledge regarding rapid onset natural disasters. Their considering training programs about natural disasters necessary is clear, as the majority of them accept that any natural disaster is liable to occur while they are at school. The conducted research showed that the knowledge of educators and students regarding their responsibilities, as well as the necessary items and services which are essential during the occurrence of the natural phenomenon, as well as after its finish, seem to be inadequate.

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Administrative Perspective on Violence in School Environment in Official High Schools (Sample of Bursa Province)

Halime Güngör Muammer Değirmendere Suat Gürbüz
Pages: 71-87

The aim of this study is to determine the views of school managers about the situation, time, place, the groups that violence incidents experienced and causes of violence in the level of students, teachers, administrators and parents in official high schools in Bursa. Phenomenological design, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the study. The study group consists of 54 public high school managers in January-March 2020. A semi-structured interview form developed by the researchers was used as a data collection tool in the study. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 54 high school managers, including 39 school principals, 14 assistant principals and 1 senior assistant principal. The data were analyzed with categorical content analysis and frequency analysis, which are among the types of content analysis. Findings show that violence is experienced more intensely in Vocational and Technical high schools because students experience uncertainty about setting goals for the future. Violence is experienced more intensely in Sports High Schools may be due to the fact that students participate more in physical activities, have more physical strength and have difficulty controlling their physical power when they get angry because they have difficulty in anger management as of their age.

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Practical Electronics as a Tool for Enhancing Physics Students’ Interest in Learning the Concept of Electricity in Lagos, Nigeria.

Jamiu Oluwadamilare Amusa
Pages: 88-98

The need to scale-up physics students’ interest in learning the concept of electricity at the senior secondary school level has remained a concern for physics educators. This study examined the influence of practical electronics activities as an intervention towards raising the students’ interest in learning electricity related topics in physics. A non-experimental design of causal-comparative research type was adopted while multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 280 senior secondary III (SS3) physics students from Education District II in Lagos State. A self-developed questionnaire titled “Students Interest Scale on Learning the Concept of Electricity (SIS-LCE)” was administered to capture the demographic profile of the students and their interest in learning the concept of electricity. The ordinal alpha reliability coefficient yielded a value of 0.88. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used in the analysis while independent Sample t-test was deployed to test the hypothesis at 0.05 significance level. Findings showed that students who engaged in practical electronics had higher interest in learning the concept of electricity than those who did not. Thus, the author recommends that practical electronics activities should be encouraged among physics students at the secondary school level.

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The Effect of Authentic Leadership on Organizational Communication: The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being

Gülsu Naiboğlu Orkun Osman Bilgivar
Pages: 99-113

The purpose of this research is to determine the mediating role of psychological well-being in the effect of authentic leadership on organizational communication. For this purpose, the opinions of 439 teachers working in Istanbul in the 2020-2021 academic year were consulted. Hypotheses related to the model, which was created based on the theoretical framework, were tested by establishing the research. In the research, "correlation design," one of the quantitative research designs, was used, and Baron and Kenny's four-stage model was used to create and test the model. "Authentic Leadership Scale," "Communication Competence Scale," and "Psychological Well-Being Scale" were applied to the participants in the study. As a result of the research, it was found that authentic leadership highly affects organizational communication; It has been determined that psychological well-being has a partial mediating role in the significant positive effect of authentic leadership on organizational communication. In the research, according to the gender of the teachers, in the opinions of school administrators on communication competencies; shows that male teachers are higher than female teachers. In the research, according to the educational status of the teachers, the psychological well-being of undergraduate teachers was lower than that of graduate teachers. The most striking finding of the study is that authentic leadership highly affects organizational communication.

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Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Ability Prospective Teachers Biology Education Department In Jakarta Indonesia

Irdalisa Tuti Marjan Fuadi Mega Elvianasti Bagus Endri Yanto
Pages: 114-123

The era of globalization and pandemic has greatly affected education, especially in the teaching and learning processes. Offline learning system must be changed to an online learning system. Prospective teachers are required to explore both knowledge and technology, so that effective and meaningful learning can be created. This research was a descriptive study with a quantitative approach to determine, analyze, and describe the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPCK) abilities of prospective teachers of the Biology Education Department A private university in Jakarta, Indonesia. The research subjects were 8th semester students totaling 197 students. The instrument for collecting data on the TPACK ability of prospective teachers was questionnaires distributed through Google Forms. The results of questionnaire analyzed seven aspects of the TPACK abilities of prospective Biology teachers, including Technological Knowledge (TK), Content Knowledge (CK), Pedagogical Knowledge (PK), Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological Content Knowledge (TCK), Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK), and Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPCK). The results of this study indicated that the TPCK ability of prospective teachers is in sufficient criteria with an average value of 3.15. This showcases that it is still necessary to improve the TPACK abilities of prospective teachers in several aspects, namely mastery of content, pedagogy, and technology. ICT-based educational innovation is also needed to develop learning tools and instruments based on TPCK for prospective teachers of Biology Education Department A private university in Jakarta, Indonesia.

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