Volume 5 Issue 1

January 2020

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Umbul Card: A Traditional Game as Nutrition Education Media among Elementary School Students

Ambar OKTAVIA Helfi AGUSTIN
Pages: 1-9

The study aimed to determine the feasibility of developing the Umbul Card as an alternative media to create a fun learning atmosphere for students. This is a qualitative research, the method used was Research and Development (R&D) level 3, carried out to the design revision stage. The instrument used was a validation sheet. The results of the development were carried out by experts, nutritional and media experts, also validated by the user. The results of the study (1) the design of the contents of the material for the development of children's Umbul Card into a nutrition education media score with a percentage of 100% which was included in the very feasible category. (2) the design of the development of the children's game Umbul Card into a nutritional education media score with a percentage of 92.30% included in the very feasible category. (3) the validation of the user obtained a score of 92.50% included in the very feasible category.

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Improvement of Classroom Management Skills of Teachers Leads to Creating Positive Classroom Climate

Damla GÜZELDERE AYDIN Şakire OCAK KARABAY
Pages: 10-25

This study aims to evaluate the effects of “Classroom Management Training Programme” on preschool teachers’ teaching styles regarding classroom management practices and children's behaviors in the classroom atmosphere. For this study, thirty teachers were selected from the schools in İzmir by convenience sampling method. In this quasi-experimental study with a pre-test – intervention - post-test design, data was collected thorough Teaching Style Rating Scale (TSRS), Classroom Atmosphere Rating Scale (CARS) and Semi-structured Interview Form. According to the findings, the exprimental teachers performed better on problem solving, preventing misbehaviours, classroom management, and applying discipline. Children in in the experimental group were more positive, cooperative and adoptive rather than disruptive compared to control group’s children in the classroom atmosphere. Moreover the teachers expressed that they preferred more to use preventive and supportive approach rather than restrictive approach to cope with undesirable behaviors.selected from the schools in İzmir by convenience sampling method. In this quasi experimental study with a pre-test – intervention - post-test design, data was collected thorough Teaching Style Rating Scale (TSRS), Classroom Atmosphere Rating Scale (CARS) and Semistructured Interview Form. According to the findings, the exprimental teachers performed better on problem solving, preventing misbehaviours, classroom management, and applying discipline. Children in in the experimental group were more positive, cooperative and adoptive rather than disruptive compared to control group’s children in the classroom atmosphere. Moreover the teachers expressed that they preferred more to use preventive and supportive approach rather than restrictive approach to cope with undesirable behaviors.This study aims to evaluate the effects of “Classroom Management Training Programme” on preschool teachers’ teaching styles regarding classroom management practices and children's behaviors in the classroom atmosphere. For this study, thirty teachers were selected from the schools in İzmir by convenience sampling method. In this quasi-experimental study with a pre-test – intervention - post-test design, data was collected thorough Teaching Style Rating Scale (TSRS), Classroom Atmosphere Rating Scale (CARS) and Semistructured Interview Form. According to the findings, the exprimental teachers performed better on problem solving, preventing misbehaviours, classroom management, and applying discipline. Children in in the experimental group were more positive, cooperative and adoptive rather than disruptive compared to control group’s children in the classroom atmosphere. Moreover the teachers expressed that they preferred more to use preventive and supportive approach rather than restrictive approach to cope with undesirable behaviors.This study aims to evaluate the effects of “Classroom Management Training Programme” on preschool teachers’ teaching styles regarding classroom management practices and children's behaviors in the classroom atmosphere. For this study, thirty teachers were

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The Effect of Multiple Representation Based Instruction on Mathematical Achievement: A Meta-Analysis

Hatice Çetin Serhat Aydın
Pages: 26-36

The aim of this study is to determine the overall effect of multiple representation based instruction on mathematical achievement. Meta-analysis method was used for this aim. The sample of the study consisted of 33 experimental studies within 10 publications which were selected according to certain criteria. In data analysis, mean effect size of the selected studies was examined. The effect size distribution of the selected studies demonstrated a heterogeneous structure which led to a preference for random effects model (Q=66.320; p=.000).The data of the current study were analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA), which is a specialized statistical software. The result of the Z-test revealed a statistically significant effect size (Z=7.015; p<.05). In order to find evidence for reliability, both a graphic approach (funnel plot) and Orwin's fail-safe N method were used to assess the potential publication bias. Findings of these tests suggested no bias in the data. As a result, the current investigation revealed that there was an overall medium and positive relationship between multiple representation based instruction and mathematical achievement.

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Validating a Home Numeracy Questionnaire in Ecuador Using Factor Analysis

Jo VAN HOOF Gina BOJORQUE Joke TORBEYNS Daniël VAN NIJLEN Lieven VERSCHAFFEL
Pages: 37-42

The home numeracy questionnaire (HNQ) developed by LeFevre et al. (2009) is a self-report instrument to assess the home numeracy of young children. In this questionnaire, young children’s parents have to indicate how often their child participates both in direct (e.g., counting down: 10, 9, 8, …) and indirect numeracy activities (e.g., playing board games with die or spinner). Based on a principal component analysis, LeFevre and colleagues found a four factor structure of the HNQ. Using a sample of 176 Ecuadorian parents, we investigated the validity and reliability of the HNQ in a developing country. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that, with minor changes to the model, the same four factor model could be found as by LeFevre et al. (2009). This study not only confirmed the validity and reliability of the HNQ, but also showed its usefulness for investigating young children’s home numeracy beyond developed countries.

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The Effect of RME on Mathematics Learning Outcomes Viewed Mathematic Communication Skills

Ningrum Reni Astuti Gunarhadi Mintasih
Pages: 43-53

This study aims to determine whether or not arethere 1) differences in mathematics learning outcomes between students who take learning with the Realistic Mathematic Education (RME) approach and students who take learning with Scientific models; 2) differences in mathematics learning outcomes between students who have high, medium, and low mathematical communication skills; 3) the interaction between the learning models used with mathematical communication skills in improving mathematics learning outcomes. This research is an experimental research with a 2x3 factorial design, with a population of all grade 3 students at the Kalam Kudus Christian Elementary School in 2017/2018 Academic Year. Samples from this study were 50 students taken with the Simple Random Sampling technique, each taken 25 people for the experimental group and 25 people for the control group. Results of this study 1) Mathematics learning outcomes of students who take lessons with the RME approach are better than those who follow learning with Scientific approaches. 2) There are differences in mathematics learning outcomes between students who have high, medium, and low mathematical communication skills. 3) There is no interaction between learning models with mathematical communication skills in improving mathematics learning outcomes.

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Interference in English Language Learning Among Indonesia Students

Fauzia
Pages: 54-60

English has been considered to be first foreign and second language in Indonesia It functions to help the development of the state and nation, to build relation with other nations, and to run foreign policy including as a language used for wider communication in international forum. There are a lot of problems found in the English learning language learning. One of kind is interference. Interference means the influence that the learner’s L1 exerts over the acquisition of an L2. There are several causes of interference in language learning, which are: 1) bilingualism, 2) the similarity between the shape of L1 and L2, and 3) the ease for second language learners

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Educational Innovation affects Leadership and Interpersonal Relations in an Experimental School in Northern Greece

Eleni PAPADOPOULOU Spyros AVDIMIOTIS
Pages: 61-69

Even though the educational system in Greece is exceedingly centralized, the pioneering institution of “Experimental Schools” sheds a ray of light. The innovative and researching acts are systematically conducted in experimental schools with the aim to acquire, communicate and disperse knowledge. Based on previous research findings regarding experimental units’ hypotheses was developed towards the argument that innovation is directly correlated with (i) leadership (ii) communication, (iii) interpersonal relationships among teaching staff, contributing to a more effective transfer of knowledge and educational effectiveness. Within this framework, the aim of the present study is to investigate the association between the innovation and the leadership style as well as the interpersonal staff relations of the educational unit, the motivation, the work satisfaction and the communication in an experimental school unit. The primary quantitative study was conducted, using a structured questionnaire, in an experimental primary school in Northern Greece. Data acquired were processed using SPSS v20 and AMOS v17 statistical software. In the first stage the process of descriptive statistics and crosstabs analysis was implemented, and in following stages, factor analysis and Structural Equation Modeling was conducted. Results indicated that innovation is strongly interassociated with motivation. Additionally, innovation is positively associated with job satisfaction, interpersonal relations, leadership and communication inside and outside the educational unit. The way the leadership is imposed is changing using innovation procedures and becomes more participative involving the whole educational staff in the process. The research outcomes indicated that through innovation an educational unit obtains openness to the community, resulting in interpersonal relations reinforcement and in transfer of knowledge. All in all, innovation affects the relations and the way people work in an educational unit to the better and it may be alleged that innovation positively alters the profile of the organization.

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Investigation of the Interactions of Mothers and Their 30-42 Months Old Children who are Living in Different Family Types in the Context of Mother Sensitivity

Zeynep Deniz SEVEN Erhan ALABAY
Pages: 70-82

This study was conducted to investigate the interactions of mothers and 30-42 months old children living in large and nuclear family types in the context of maternal sensitivity. In this study, one of the qualitative research methods, embedded multi-case research was used. The participants of the study consisted of 8 mothers living in 4 large-4 nuclear family types and their children aged 30-42 months in the town of Muş. Descriptive-interpretive data analysis was used to describe the interactions of the studied group in depth by using natural and structured observation, mother-child information form and mother-child observation form. It was observed that children send their messages verbally, mothers' reactions are mostly positive in the extended family, mostly in the negative nuclear family, and mothers of both family types exhibit very limited behaviors in showing and sharing their feelings, showing cooperation and coordination behaviors, physical contact and eye contact. It is thought that mothers who have moved from extended families to nuclear families have predominantly extended family behavior patterns in these respects

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Cooperative Learning: A Systematic Review of the Economy Subject in the Curriculum of Secondary Education

Mercedes MORERA-FERNANDEZ Aram MORERA-MESA Armando L. MORERAFUMERO
Pages: 83-86

Cooperative learning (CL) has been applied to different subjects in different educational levels. Economy as a subject has been introduced recently in the curriculum of secondary schools compared to other classical subjects such as mathematics or literature. The aim of this research is to systematically review the application of CL in the teaching of economy in secondary education. Methods: a search in the Web of Science (WOS), Scopus and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete, Business Source Ultimate, EconLit with full text, ERIC, Library, information science & technology abstract, PsycArticles, PsycInfo) was carried out from database inception to December 1st, 2019. The query for the search was as follows: “secondary school or secondary education” AND “cooperative learning or collaborative learning” AND “economy or finances or business”. As secondary sources of bibliography, we used the reference list from the selected articles. Results: A total of 428 documents were retrieved from the databases searches. One paper was retrieved from the secondary sources. EBSCOhost was the database that elicited most documents, 325 against the 29 documents that were retrieved from Scopus and the 74 documents retrieved from WOS. A total of 48 duplicates were elicited from the three databases. After removing the duplicates 380 document were scrutinized to look for eligibility. No single paper met the criteria except for the paper found through the secondary sources. Conclusion: Despite of the importance of the subject of economy in the curriculum of secondary education, only one empirical paper was found in our review. Future research on this topic should try to fill this gap.

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Analysis of Students' Science Process Skills on the Concept of Material Classification and its Changes in the Junior High School

Feby Unggul A K SEJATI Sulistyo SAPUTRO Nurma Yunita INDRIYANTI
Pages: 87-92

This study aimed to describe the science process skills (SPS) possessed by students, as well as how to empower them for students. These skills were measured using written assessment instruments. The research method used in this research was descriptive. Data collection instruments in this study were multiple-choice test instruments. The research subjects were 38 students of VII class, consisting of 23 females and 15 males in one of the junior high schools in the City of South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia. The results showed the reliability of the test questions was 0.76 with a high category; the level of difficulty, which was in the medium category, was as many as 20 questions, and eight questions included in the category of easy and difficult. The distinguishing features of the questions belonged to a quite good category. The SPS owned by students gained an average of 61%, which means in the good category. The SPS empowerment of students can be done with learning models, methods, and approaches that support it, such as the Project base learning, Inquiry, and Problem base Learning experimental methods, and scientific approaches.

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Exploring the Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning at Secondary Level in Bangladesh

Md. Solaiman JONY
Pages: 93-99

In general, cooperative learning refers to the use of small groups of students to encourage them to work together and help each other to learn, accomplish learning goals, and increase their learning potential. This study attempts to explore the effectiveness of cooperative learning at secondary level classroom learning and students' achievement in particular. It also compares the achievements in means of scores between a student group taught using cooperative learning strategies and another group taught using non-cooperative learning strategies. This study is designed following a quasiexperimental research technique. 60 students from a secondary school of class 9 taking Science from 2 different sections were selected as samples and were divided into equal number experimental group and control group for this study. A pretest was conducted before administering the cooperative learning technique which was followed by a post-test after on to determine the effectiveness in the form of learning achievement. Students' achievements were measured through a self-constructed achievement test which was used in both the pretest and post-test. The data were analyzed through t-test using SPSS. The comparison of these results indicated a meaningful statistical difference between the two groups, and it was also found from the teachers that students who work in the cooperative learning groups were more engaged, more responsible in completing group assignments and more organized while working in their respective groups. Therefore, in order to promote quality learning, the results of this study may encourage the practice of cooperative learning for the secondary school level. To make the learning of students more enjoyable, effective, and sustained at secondary level; schools and teachers need to use the cooperative learning technique in the classrooms.

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