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Developing Instrument Assessment of Student’s Process Skills in Physics Learning Based on Local Wisdom

Allivna Mundilarto
Pages: 489-495

The aim of this research is to produce instrument of student process skill assessment on project learning based on local wisdom gasing bamboo. The process skill assessment instrument is an observation sheet. The method used in this study refers to Mardapi development. The research step is to arrange instrument specification, write manuscript, study instrument, instrument test, instrument analysis and instrument revision. The instrument is validated by 10 validators for analysis through Aiken V and uses eduG-6e to calculate its reliability. The conclusion in this research is generated instrument of assessment process with its validity range between 0,73 until 1.00 and its reliability value equal to 1.00.

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The Efficiency of Virtual Museum in Development of Grade Eight Students’ Achievements and Attitudes towards Archaeology in Oman

Nada Ali Ambusaidi Ahmed Hamad Al-Rabaani
Pages: 496-503

This study investigates the effectiveness of using virtual museum in teaching social studies for the development of eighth grade students’ achievement and attitudes towards archaeology. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with a sample of 60 females, comprising one experimental and one control group (each consisting of 30 students). The experimental group was taught by virtual museum, while the control group was taught by the traditional method. The data was collected by administering an achievement test with thirty questions and a 43-item attitudinal scale. The validity of these instruments was checked by a panel of judges and reliability was examined using Cronbach’s alpha: (.712) for the test and (.891) for the scale. The results showed significant differences (α=0.05) between the means of the groups in favor of experimental groups in achievement test and attitudes towards archaeology and towards using museum in teaching. The study thus indicates that the use of virtual museums is beneficial in providing a supportive and encouraging learning environment.

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Development, Reliability, and Validity of Open-ended Test to Measure Student’s Digital Literacy Skill

Riki Perdana Riwayani Riwayani Jumadi Jumadi Dadan Rosana
Pages: 504-516

This study aims to developing open-ended test for measuring digital literacy skills of students. There are three step of this study, it was defining the construc and formatting objectives, validity by expert review and item administration. The open-ended test was develop based on five components of digital literacy skill: information, communication, content creation, safety, and problem-solving. The open-ended test was initially piloted on four group of samples: interviews and validity by physics expert (2 Professor, 1 Doctoral), professional teachers (N=2), and college students of graduate school (N=2). Modification were made afterwards and the test was administered to a group of science students from high school in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia (N=129). Result of this study are: (1) The open-ended test instrumen proved valid and worthy of use to measure digital literacy skill; (2) Based on expert validation, the teset is valid with CVR value 1.00; (3) the average value and standard deviation of INFIT MNSQ is .83-1.21 (fit with rasch model/good item); (4) The item has a good degree of difficulty with range of difficulty level between (moderate level). The student’s digital literacy skill test can also be used to measure student’s skill with very low to excellent categories.

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Experimentation of STAD and Jigsaw Learning Models on Learning Achievements in terms of Learning Motivation

Mela Dewi Putri Berlyana Yunastiti Purwaningsih
Pages: 517-524

The purpose of this study was to compare the value of the pretest and posttest in the experimentation of the STAD and Jigsaw learning models on learning achievement in terms of learning motivation. This research is a quantitative research with an experimental method. The population of this study was all X grade students of IPS of SMA Negeri 3 Boyolali in the Academic Year of 2017/2018with a total of 108 students, the study sample was determined by a cluster sampling technique of 2 classes with a total sample of 72 students. The learning model in the experimental class used the STAD method and the control class used the Jigsaw method. Data collection techniques in this study were the method of documentation, tests, and questionnaires. The research hypothesis test used two-way analysis of variance with a 2x2 factorial design and a significant level of 5%. The analysis prerequisite test that is carried out is the normality test and homogeneity test using SPSS 23. From the results of the analysis it can be concluded that (1) differences in the effect of economic learning achievement between students who learn using STAD and Jigsaw cooperative learning models; (2) differences in the effect of learning motivation of students using STAD and Jigsaw cooperative models on economic learning achievement; (3) whether there is an influence of the interaction between the learning model and the learning motivation of students on economic learning achievement.

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The Investigation of Self Directed Learning Skills of Teachers In Kartepe (The District of Kocaeli In Turkey) : A Qualitative Study

Funda Arslan
Pages: 525-535

In this study, it is aimed to examine the opinions of teachers' self-directed learning skills with semi-structured interview form.The participants include 40 teachers from a primary and two secondary schools in Kartepe ( the district of Kocaeli). Self-Directed Learning Interview Form which has been designed by reading the relevant literature and seeking the experts’ opinions includes five questions related to phases of Self Direction in learning. The form was administered teachers face to face mostly.The interviews were audiorecorded and then transcribed by the researchers.The results of this represent each phase of Self-Directed Learning and also consistent with the studies in the literature

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Effectiveness of Teaching Materials of History to Improve the Political Awareness at SMA Katolik Diponegoro Blitar, Indonesia

Jeffry Dwi Kurniawan Muhammad Akhyar Susanto
Pages: 536-542

This study aimed to find out the effectiveness of teaching materials of the struggle of Todung Sutan Gunung Mulia to improve the students’ political awareness. This study was conducted in class XI of Specialization in Linguistics, Sciences, and Social Sciences for the Indonesian history subject at SMA Katolik Diponegoro Blitar. The approach used in this research was the quasi-experimental approach with the pretest posttest control group design. The population and sample in this research were determined using the random sampling technique. The techniques of analyzing data used in this research were normality test, homogeneity test, mean similarity test and effectiveness test. The result of the research showed that the students who learned the history using the teaching materials of the struggle of Todung Sutan Gunung Mulia had the higher political awareness if compared to the students who were not provided with the treatment (the lecture method). This could be proven that there was a positive and significant improvement after the students were provided by the treatment in the experimental classroom. The average score of the students’ political awareness which was initially 160.56 increased to 177.64, while the average score in the control classroom did not have a positive and significant improvement. The average score of the students’ political awareness which was initially 163.24 increased to 174.80. The increased score of the political awareness in the control classroom was not significant if compared to the experimental classroom.

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Development of Vector Representation Test Instrument for Senior High School Students in Realizing Learning Outcomes

Puji Iman Nursuhud Warsono Supahar Rio Sandhika Darma
Pages: 543-554

The study was conducted to develop the vector representation ability test items for senior high school students and obtain Item Curve Characteristics (ICC). Grid test instruments are arranged based on competencies and vector representation indicators which are then used to compile items. The test instrument consists of five question items related to vector representation which includes drawing vectors, determining the magnitude and direction of vectors and performing vector operations. The validated instrument was piloted in 296 students from three schools in Batang Regency, Central Java. Politomus data were analyzed using the QUEST program for classical analysis and PARSCALE 4 for modern analysis theory based on Partial Credit Model (PCM). The results of the data analysis of the trial items indicate that of the five item questions, only 4 questions were fit with PCM. The reliability of the test instrument is 0.72, the level of difficulty of the items is in the range of 0.79 to 1.35. The information function and Standard Error Measurement (SEM) show that test items are developed reliably to measure the vector abilities of students with the average category in -1,6 < θ < +3,2 logit scale with SEM ± 0,5.

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Analysis of Based Test Instruments Local Wisdom of Terbang Papat to Measure Mathematical Representation Capabilities in Learning Physics

Danis Alif Oktavia Ahdika Setyadi Warsono Supahar
Pages: 555-563

This study aims to analyze the mathematical representation ability test instruments based on local wisdom of terbang papat to high school students. The research method used by compiling the instrument grid based on aspects of the ability of mathematical representation based on local wisdom of terbang papat, which is then used to compile indicators and items. The test instrument consists of four indicators of the ability of mathematical representation, each of which has five items and has been validated by expert judgment, physics teacher and peer reviewer. The validated instrument was tested on 338 students from two high schools in Kudus Regency. Data obtained in the form of polytomus data, then analyzed using Partial Credit Model (PCM). The results obtained showed that all test instruments of mathematical representation ability were proven to be fit with PCM, reliability of test instruments was declared reliable based on PCM results, total information function was between -2.00 to +1.8, difficulty indexes were more than -2.0 and less than 2.0 (-2.0 ≤b≤ + 2.0) which means all items are in good category. Thus the ability test instrument based on terbang papat local wisdom can be used to measure the ability of students' mathematical representation according to the partial credit model based on the five categories of polytomus data.

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Capabilities Comparison of Surabaya and Malaysia Economic Teachers in Innovative Learning Model Application

Bambang Suratman Yoyok Soesatyo Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 564-572

.The objective of this study is to compare the capability of economic teachers in applying innovative learning models between teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia. Survey research methods, with data sources or participation of all high school / vocational school economics teachers in Surabaya City and economic teachers in Malaysia. Sampling technique uses probability random sampling, by appointing 100 teachers from Surabaya and 100 teachers from Malaysia. Techniques for collecting data use: (1) Questionnaire via email, (2) documentation study, on learning devices, with research instruments consisting of: (1) questionnaire, (2) learning device documents. Data from this study result are analyzed using descriptive statistics and SEM, to describe comparison in innovative learning models between teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia. The conclusions in this study include: (1) The understanding between Surabaya and Malaysia economic teachers has a significant effect on the innovative learning models application, (2) the ability of economic teachers not to support significantly in applying innovative learning models, (3) sustainable self-development for economic teachers in Surabaya and Malaysia have a significant effect on inner skills, applying innovative learning models in their classrooms

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The Impact of The Development of Blended Learning Models Using Computer applications in Higher Education

Munir Tubagus Suyitno Muslim Suriani
Pages: 573-581

This study showed that the impact of development of blended learning models can improve student learning outcomes, the learning process that utilizes information technology in the form of computers which equipped with telecommunications facilities (Internet, intranet, and multimedia (graphics, audio, video) as a medium in the delivery of materials and interactions between teachers and learners. This method of research was R&D (Research and Development), which research was to produce products and test the effectiveness of the product. There were four phases of e-learning making, including (1) system analysis including hardware, software, learning and student development materials (2) designing, including instructional design analysis, teaching materials and media (software) (3) Implementation, namely the product and development of the resulting Learning Management System, (4) evaluation, which was the assessment stage by experts to test the feasibility of the System. This research was conducted at the Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) Manado Faculty of Economics and Islamic Business. Data collection techniques were conducted in three ways, namely (1) observation, (2) document analysis, and (3) interviews. The data validity technique in this study was the triangulation technique

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Development of Cartoon Concept Based Student Worksheet with Structured Inquiry Approach to Train Science Process Skills

Pages: 582-592

The aims of this study are (1) to produce cartoon concept based student worksheet is valid, practical, and effective to train science process skills, (2) describe the validity, practicality, and effectiveness of cartoon concept based student worksheet to train process skills science. This research used development research with three stages, namely defining, designing, and developing. The results of expert validation state that the student worksheet is ready for use. Furthermore, it was tested on the fifth-grade students in Kedungdoro elementary school Surabaya with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The result of this research shows that (1) the cartoon concept based student worksheet is valid, because the readability assessment shows that the average number of words that can be completed by students is 73.13 from 81 words or 90.29%, it indicates that the level of readability of student worksheet is high and easy to understand by students in learning. besides that the activities of students showed positive results, namely observing 13.37%; make a hypothesis 14.17%; experiment 13.06%; measure 14.36%; classify 12.20%; interfere with 13.85%, communicate 13.52%; and conclude 13.75%. (2) The cartoon concept based student worksheet can make the student’s science process skills increase with the gain score is 0.80.

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The Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Ability on Learning Outcomes at SMP Katolik Stella Maris Biudukfoho, Indonesia

Yohana Febriana Tabun Widha Sunarno Sukarmin
Pages: 593-601

This study aimed to test the influence of critical thinking ability towards the learning outcomes of the students at SMPK Stella Maris Biudukfoho. The process of collecting the sample of the experimental classroom I and the experimental classroom II was by using the cluster random sampling technique. The subject of this study numbered 60 students of Class VIII Year 2018/2019. The used instrument was the test instrument to measure the critical thinking ability and the learning outcomes of the knowledge aspect, the non-test instrument in the form of questionnaire that was used to measure attitude, while the observation sheet was used to measure the students’ skills. The data was analyzed using the simple regression equation. The result of the research showed that there was no influence of the critical thinking ability towards the learning outcomes

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