A Case Study Toward the Direct Language Learning Strategies of EFL Students

Volume 7 Issue1
Najib Khoirul Muhyiddin Sumardi Sri Marmanto
Pages: 26-34 Download Count : 1106 View Count: 1970 DOI Number . Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


This case study aimed at investigating direct language learning strategies, their implementation, and the reasons beyond the uses of those strategies. Six third semester EFL students at a university in Kudus were purposively involved as the subjects. Questionnaires, interviews, and observations were deployed as the techniques of data collection. The data were analyzed using an interactive model. Triangulation was undertaken to reach the data’s credibility. The findings showed that 1) most of the students used memory, cognitive, and compensation strategies with the exception of one student using no cognitive strategy. 2) They implemented the memory strategy by using understandable new English words from novels, YouTube videos, and English songs into spoken utterances to drill their memories, and engaging friends into continuous practices as the implementation of cognitive strategy. The implementation of the compensation strategy was done by striving to retrieve similar English words from their memories and replacing the forgotten English words with Indonesian words to maintain their speaking fluency. 3) Their reasons for the memory strategy were to help the student make it easier to memorize English words, practicing English speaking using interesting media improved their self-confidence and fluent communicative abilities, and by adjusting alongside approximating messages and switching to mother tongue supported their English fluency.


  • Cognitive strategy
  • direct language learning strategies
  • English speaking skill
  • memory strategy
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