Volume 6 Issue 3 (July 2021)

July 2021

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The Implementation of National Service Training Program

Eleanor Gatchalian-Garingan
Pages: 194-207

The aim of the current study is to ascertain the level of operation of NSTP also the degree of weightiness of complications encountered by the respondents along choices of anxiety as program aims, management and operation, program activity workforce and personnel expansion, civic packaged, resource management in addition data organization then database assessment. Within the scope of this general aim the following question is sought an answer: Do degree of weightiness of complications encountered by the respondents in joining the activities change significantly in terms of (1) gender, (2) age (3) civil status, (4) ethnic affiliation (5) educational attainment (6) number of years of experience in NSTP variables? The present study has the characteristics of descriptive model. The participants include 286 implementers and students who take weightiness of complications at 2014- 2015 Academic year at Quirino State University. Questionnaire was used to gather evidence from the respondents. Facts were statistically evaluated by means of mean, t-test also F-test: all were employed in SPSS. According to results, areas of concern of the program should be fully implemented, supervised, and monitored. Sex, age, civil status, ethnic affiliation, highest educational attainment, and years in NSTP affects the degree of weightiness of complications encountered by the respondents in joining the activities.

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Towards a Resilient Model of Education in Cameroon

Michael Nkwenti Ndongfack
Pages: 208-217

The emergence of Coronavirus herein referred to as COVID-19 shut down schools globally for a while. The closure of schools negatively impacted educational systems that had not developed a resilient or alternative model of instructional delivery such as the Cameroon Ministry of Basic Education. Tentative measures were taken to ensure the continuous delivery of teaching while hoping to build a resilient model of education that can guarantee continuous learning in times of emergencies. With the desire to develop an e-learning platform, the following research question: What are the factors that will foster the use of e-Learning Among Primary School Teachers in Cameroon? To respond to the research question, survey research design methodology was employed targeting n = 378 primary school teachers. The collected data was analysed using Pearson r correlation to examine the direct relationship between two variables. The findings revealed a positive relationship between the variables: relative advantage; compatibility; trialability; observability and attitude towards behaviour intention to use the e-learning platform. The relationship between attitude and behaviour intention was the strongest. An indication that attitude is a strong predictor of behaviour intention. It was concluded that relative advantage, compatibility, trialability and observability were predictors of teachers’ attitude towards a behaviour intention to adopt the e-learning platform. On the other hand, the relationship between complexity and attitude was negative indicating that teachers perceive the e-learning platform as complex. It was recommended that teachers should be: thoroughly sensitised on the advantages of adopting the e-learning platform to innovate teaching and learning; and provided with the opportunity to experiment with the platform before it is finally rollout.

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Status of Learning Facilities for Primary School Physics Curriculum Implementation in Eastern Ethiopia

Kemal Abdulbasit Yilfashewa Seyoum
Pages: 218-225

The aim of this study is to examine the status of learning facilities for primary school physics curriculum implementation in Harari Region, Eastern Ethiopia. A survey design and a mixed approach were used to deliberate the study. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques were employed to select respondents (317 students, 12 cluster supervisors, 34 physics teachers and 34 principals). Quantitative and Qualitative data were obtained through questionnaire, interview guide, and observation checklist and document analysis. Descriptive statistics and independent sample t-test were used as a means for data analysis. The findings revealed that the status of learning facilities for physics curriculum implementation was inadequate in the region. There exists no significant difference between urban and rural schools on the availability of learning facilities (availability of learning facilities for urban and rural schools are corresponding). It was concluded that due attention was given to both urban and rural schools. However, the inadequacy in availability of learning facilities results in ineffective implementation of physics curriculum in the region. Therefore, collaborative efforts need to put in place among government, NGOs and the community to improve status of learning facilities for physics curriculum implementation in all schools.

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The Effect of Using Multiple Mathematical Representations of Rational number concepts in Basic stage Grades Students in Jordan

Khaled Ahmed Aqeel Alzubi
Pages: 226-234

This study, aimed at the effect of using multiple mathematical representations of rational number concept in basic grades students in jordan. The current study employed the content analysis approach to investigate the multiple mathematical representations and transitions among them in 8th Grade Mathematics Textbook. An observation method was used to analyses the teacher practices (n=35 observations), and record the representations and transitions. The results showed that there was an existence of symbol and verbal representations in the textbook and teachers' implementation. Meanwhile, the other three representations (pictures and figures, models and Cutters, and life situations). And This study explored the nature of difficulties of eighth-grade students who struggled to build their conceptual understanding of early fraction ideas. interviews with Pre and post of students were conducted for a sufficient identification of the nature of the students’ difficulties. The study revealed The students also minimal use of informal ordering strategies that involve more conceptual than a procedural understanding of the concept of initial fraction ideas.

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Centralized Secondary School Examination, Basic Education Certificate Examination and Mathematics Test Anxiety As Predictors of Students’ Achievement in Mathematics

Okoi A. Okoi Nkechipatricia-Mary Esomonu
Pages: 235-239

The purpose of the study was to investigate centralized secondary school examination (CSSE), basic education certificate examination (BECE) and mathematics test anxiety as predictors of students’ achievement in mathematics. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Expo-facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised all the students who took Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) in 2017/2018 academic session in Imo state. The sample of this study comprised of 850students who took SSCE drawn through multi-stage sampling technique. CSSE 2017 result sheet, BECE 2016 result sheet, SSCE 2018 result sheet and mathematics test anxiety questionnaire (MTA) was used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. Results of the study revealed that CSSE, BECE and mathematics test anxiety had both composite and relative influence on students’ achievement in mathematics. It was recommended that CSSE should be taken as a core component of the assessment process in mathematics at the SSII level as it prepares the students to face public examination situation, also BECE should be maintained in JSSIII third term by junior school board and avoid examination malpractice capable of destroying it. It was also recommended that students should be exposed to anxiety reduction activities like relaxation, exercises, debate, inter and intra class quiz competitions.

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