Volume 6 Issue 4 (October 2021)

October 2021

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Can Blended Learning be the New-Normal in Higher Education of Bangladesh?

Md. Al-Amin Ishrat Jahan Md. Fajlay Rabbi Ummay Nayeema Islam
Pages: 306-317

This study attempted to find out the scopes and challenges of implementing blended learning. 230 university students were selected using the ‘convenience sampling’ technique. In this study, most of the tertiary level students had attended online classes from cities and they were not satisfied with the assessment process of online classes as well as found difficulty in understanding technical courses. Many respondents also perceived that blended learning would be helpful for the slow learners, would help to develop digital literacy, would decrease the hours of traditional classes though overall learning might be increased. However, students felt that unstable internet connection was the biggest challenge for the implementation of blended learning. Most of the respondents thought that lack of necessary devices/technologies, lack of motivation for self-regulated learning, lack of interaction between facilitators and students, and lack of proper assessment strategies were the challenges for implementing blended learning in higher educational institutions.

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The Effectiveness of Online Education for Students with Learning Disabilities From the Point of View of Parents in Saudi Arabia

Hassan Mohamed Zayed Asiri
Pages: 318-327

This study aimed at exploring the effectiveness of online education for students with learning disabilities from the point of view of their parents in the city of Abha. The study used the descriptive approach and developed an instrument to reach the goal of the study according to several variables (gender, age, economic level, educational level) of the parents. The sample of the study consisted of (109) parents of students who received their online education in Abha. The data were collected and analyzed using the appropriate statistical tools. The results indicated that the average parents' responses on the questionnaire were (3.65) on Likert's five-point scale, which indicates that online education is highly effective from the parents' point of view. Around 80% of the sample found that online education is more interesting and makes online education for students with learning disabilities more effective alternatives to the resource room, with the availability of appropriate tools and infrastructure. The results also indicated that 20% of the study sample find that online education is not useful and has deficiencies in several aspects. The study recommends other studies and researchers to research these shortcomings and develop online education to keep aligned with the plans and the vision of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2030.

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The Common Play Skills of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from Saudi Arabia

Saad Yahya Athbah
Pages: 328-337

This study investigated the common play skills autism spectrum disorder and statistical differences in the playing skills of autistic children disorder that attribute to disorder severity and sex of the child. The study sample consisted of (163) teachers and parents of students with autism registered in government centers and institutes for the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Social Affairs in Jeddah for the academic year 2020/2021, who were randomly selected. A questionnaire was adopted including (52) items divided into (4) dimensions to collect data about the playing skills of autistic children disorders, including basic play skills, individual play skills, symbolic play skills, and playing with others skills. The findings revealed that autistic children condition have generally moderate play skills. The findings also revealed that there are no statistically significant variations in playing skills between males and females with an autism spectrum disorder. In addition, the findings showed that there are statistically significant variations in play skills between autistic children disorders related to the severity of the disorder favor to children with simple disorder.

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Comparative Studies of Students’ Psychosocial Factors and Performance in Mathematics

Omoniyi Israel Oginni
Pages: 338-344

The study investigated the influence of psychological factors (school environment, teachers’ attribute, parental factors and students’ disposition) on students’ academic performance in Mathematics. The research design adopted for the study is the descriptive research of survey type and expo facto design. The sample for the study consisted of 150 participants randomly selected using stratified random sampling technique. The findings revealed that school environment has no significant influence on students performance in Mathematics. The study showed that the parental factors have significant influence on students performance in Mathematics. Also, students’ disposition has significant influence on their performance in Mathematics. The result of this study therefore would be of great help to governments, teachers, students, professional policy makers and parents in providing a solid springboard to launch a new template to finding a lasting solution to the perennial low performance issues in Mathematics at the Senior Secondary Schools.

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The Services Provided in The Learning Resource Rooms in Aseer, Saudi Arabia: Point of the Parents'

Mufleh Ali Mushabab Al Ghbar
Pages: 345-354

The study aimed at identifying the reality of services provided in the learning resource rooms in Aseer region from the parents' point of view. The study sample consisted of (100) parents who were selected from all areas of Aseer region for the academic year 2020/2021. The study followed the descriptive approach, where a questionnaire was developed to identify the reality of services available in the learning resource rooms in Aseer region from the perspective of parents. The questionnaire was prepared in light of the theoretical literature in the field of learning difficulties. Its validity and reliability have been verified. The data were processed by finding the mean scores and standard deviations, in addition to the use of the one- and two-way analysis of variance. The results revealed that the level of effectiveness of the educational services provided by the resource room teacher to students with learning difficulties came within an average level of effectiveness. Based on the results of the study, some recommendations were proposed that could be used in developing the performance of the resource rooms.

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How Covid-19 Pandemic Might Lead to Appreciating Pedagogies Driven By The Multiplicity of Intelligence: A Case of the Ugandan Experience

Peter Ssenkusu Cornelius Ssempala John Mary Vianney Mitana
Pages: 355-368

While the Covid-19 pandemic has devastated education institutional programmes and activities for the last one year, it might also present opportunities for new knowledge and paradigm within education. In this paper, we discuss the Covid-19 pedagogies and their effect on the traditional educational system anchored on logic and universality. To do this, we start by highlighting the Covid-19 pandemic and how it has impacted education especially in low-resourced contexts and then give a historical overview of the conceptualisation of intelligence. The historical overview underscores how over centuries, the concept of intelligence has been influenced by the left-brain teaching and learning strategies and how this has impacted how teachers teach and the entire teaching and learning system. By explaining the cultural and social aspects of intelligence, we underscore the multiplicity of intelligence as opposed to its unidimensional conception. We then expound on how Covid-19 pandemic has widened opportunities for new conceptions of intelligence within education through introducing new ways of teaching and learning which are student-centred, community and local resource focused, further justifying the need for creativity and innovation. We conclude that while the Covid-19 pandemic has presented serious challenges to educational programmes, it has also presented opportunities for new conceptions of intelligence and the need to appraise the modern epistemology which has characterised education in low-resourced contexts for centuries

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Module of Fiscal and Monetary Policy Based on Scientific Approach and HOTS Orientation as Learning Tools For Grade XI in High School

L.Prasetyo Dwi Agung Wicaksono Dewie Tri Wijayati Wardoyo Tony Seno Aji
Pages: 369-375

This study aims to create a learning device in a module form as a learning media during the Covid-19 pandemic which these new normal period makes hone learning become urgency. This method also required students to be more independent and help students to study by adjust their needs and time without using face-to-face learning during the pandemic. The module is made using K-13 as a reference in learning and using HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) in exercises that articles provided. The process of making this module uses a 4-D model: Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. The module validated by material and language experts to determine whether this module suitable or not as learning media and validation results shows from material experts were obtained with 93% (valid), then from linguists were obtained 90.5% (valid). The module was also tested on students and received a response 77%.

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