Volume 4 Special Issue-2019

December 2019

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Literature Learning: Pragmatic Study of Humor Discourse in Indonesian Political Humor Book

Santi Wahyufi Diningsih Andayani Muhammad Rohmadi
Pages: 680-690

The use of discourse as a medium for conveying messages to the community has been carried out in various fields. Discourse for criticism, suggestions, or satire is often conveyed in with humorous attributes to make it more interesting. This study aims to analyze the pragmatic aspects of humor discourse in the "Humor Politik Indonesia (Indonesian Political Humor)‛ book. The qualitative approach and descriptive methods were used in this study. The results of the analysis showed that the pragmatic aspects contained in the book were in the form of presuppositions and implicature aspects. The presupposition aspect includes lexical, counterfactual, structural presuppositions. For the implicature aspect is in the form of mockery and satirical forms of implicatures. These results prove that the pragmatic aspects used in humor discourse are discourse constructors to create funny effects for readers. It can be implied that the political humor discourse that contains aspects of pragmatics can be used as teaching materials in learning Indonesian in senior high schools. This relates to Basic Competence to evaluate the anecdotal test of the implicit meaning aspect that students must have.

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Educational Performance and the Role of Institutions

Renata Guidi Stanley Engerman Youssef Youssef
Pages: 691-700

The analysis of institutional characteristics within the educational context is necessary due to the relevance that education, as a fundamental area of knowledge for the development of a country, exerts on society. In this sense, the present study seeks to understand how the institutional theory, in the perspective of Acemoglu and Robinson (2012), can be applied in the context of educational institutions. With regard to the methodological aspects, the study presents a literature review on the divergent perspectives of the institutional theory, followed by a discussion on the design by the theorists Acemoglu, Robinson and collaborators about this theory. The text provides an understanding on the connection of institutional factors and the educational outcome. An implication of this study is the opening of a new vision for analysis and reflection on institutional relationships that influence in the performance of educational institutions

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Social Interaction and Creative Thinking Skills to Influence Students’ Conceptual Understanding on Optical Geometry

Meji Aprianingtyas Widha Sunarno Suparmi Suparmi
Pages: 701-710

The aim of this research was to determine the influence of learning physics using project and experimental methods in terms of social interaction and creative thinking of students. The learning material used is about optical devices. The results of the study include: (1) Students are not fluent in providing answers; (2) Students are less able to think openly in answering questions; (3) When the teacher gives questions, students do not immediately take the initiative to answer; (4) Students tend to answer questions whose answers are already listed in the textbook; (5) Students give examples according to what the teacher gave; (6) Students are less able to combine information that has been given by the teacher to provide examples or other answers to a question; (7) Students are less able to give ideas about a thing with several different points of view; (8) Students are less able to create their own ideas that are new and different from usual. The results of students’ conceptual understanding on optical geometry can be placed into pattern and be influenced by social interaction and creative thinking skills.

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Comparison of Discovery and Inquiry Model: Which Model is More Effective in Natural Science (IPA) Learning?

Pages: 711-718

The purpose of this study is to find out the effectiveness of discovery learning and enquiry learning model toward learning outcome in natural science (IPA) subject especially in chapter of plant and its part. This study was conducted on 162 students of 4th grade of elementary school in Kendali Sodo. This is an experimental study with nonequivalent posttest design. Meanwhile the sampling cluster sampling model which use 3 SD. Data analysis result using N-gain score show that mean of experiment class discovery (ecd) was 78,1057, experiment class inquiry (eci) was 76,6121 and control class was 41,7720. Meanwhile the T-test show that experiment class discovery has t value as 6,639 > from T table (1,679), and T-value enquiry class as t 6,506 > from T table (1678). Therefore it can be concluded that the discovery and inquiry models have a significant effect on student learning outcomes. The result also show that the discovery model was the model that had the most significant effect compared to the inquiry model on student learning outcomes in the natural science lesson, especially plant material and its parts.

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The Effect of Self-Acceptance and Social Adjustment on Senior High School Students’ Self-Concept

Alif Mualifah Muya Barida Lady Farhana
Pages: 719-724

The present study was aimed at finding out the effect of self-acceptance and social adjustment on student’s self-concept. To achieve the research objectives, researchers conducted a survey. This surveys study employed correlational design, out of 248 students, 149 respondents were selected using quota sampling. Self-acceptance scale, social adjustment scale, and self-concept scale were employed as the instrument of the study. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the data. Following the analysis result, the significance level was 0.000 or less than 0.05. It could be concluded that self-acceptance and social support significantly affect student’s self-concept. Based on this conclusion, students need to improve their self-acceptance, socisl adjusment, and possitive selfconcept.

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Digital Flipbook Media as a Media for Health Promotion in Youth: Research and Development

Marsiana Wibowo Erni Gustina Suci Musvita Ayu Liena Sofiana
Pages: 725-733

Digital Flipbook is one of the multimedia-based media that is recommended to be developed because it can be accessed with gadgets or laptops. This research is Research and Development level 4, which is researching and testing in creating new products. Researchers developed the Digital Flip Book with the title Me: Teenagers and My Health. The purpose of developing this media is to increase the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents after reading the Digital Flipbook. This media design is a cover page, content (introduction to adolescent reproductive health situations, adolescent definitions, risk behaviors in adolescents which consists of understanding, impact, and prevention of premarital sex, violence, and early marriage), and improving adolescent reproductive health. The results of media development from media experts said that based on the assessment aspects, namely simplicity, cohesiveness, emphasis, balance, shape and color, the results obtained 91.67%. The media to be used must be simple, easy to use on a gadget or laptop and balanced color combination. Material expert assesses 97.22%. The language used in media must be easily understood, not a textbook, by the target of adolescents. Thus, a digital flipbook entitled "Me: Teenagers and My Health" is suitable for use in health promotion among adolescents and further field testing. This media has been tested on target, with the result that knowledge is good as much as 51.9% and a positive attitude as much as 59%. Thus, the media has been used. However This process affects the output of learning using the application as a medium for health promotion for adolescents.

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The Effect of Child-Friendly Lift-the-Flap Story Books on the Creative Thinking Ability

E. Kus Eddy Sartono Eka Irawati
Pages: 734-741

Child-Friendly Lift-the-Flap Story Books is a textbook with instructional materials integrated into the story and the pictures. This study aims to determine the effect of child-friendly lift-the-flap story books "Kayanya Negeriku" to the students' creative thinking abilities fourth grade. Quasi-experimental research design types of nonequivalent comparison-group design. The research population is fourth-grade students at SDN Pleret Bantul. The cluster random sampling technique was used to determine pre-existing samples without random assignments, so that 28 students in fourth-grade of SDN Pungkuran were obtained as the experimental class and 28 students in fourth-grade of SDN Putren as the control class. Data collection through pretest and posttest using creative thinking test instruments that have been tested for validity and reliability. Data were analyzed using paired samples t-test, gain test and N-gain test. The results showed that child-friendly lift-the-flap story books "Kayanya Negeriku" affects the creative thinking abilities of fourth grade elementary school students.

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The Effect of Treffinger Learning Model on Students’ Critical Thinking Skill

Sumiara Waspodo Tjipto Subroto
Pages: 742-748

This study aimed to determine the effect of Treffinger learning model on students' critical thinking ability. This study was an experimental study using a pretest-posttest control group design. The experimental class was treated using the Treffinger learning model, while one other class only used conventional learning model. The research data obtained shows that the results of students' critical thinking skills at the pretest in the experimental class wewe the same as the control class. Hence, it can be concluded that there was an effect of the Treffinger learning model on the critical thinking skills of fourth grade students in the sub-theme of my national cultural diversity in 24 Ketintang Muhammadiyah Elementary School Surabaya.

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Effects of the 21st Century Learning Model and Problem-Based Models on Higher Order Thinking Skill

Pages: 749-755

The 4.0 industrial revolution is an important topic that is currently being discussed in Indonesia. Industrial revolution 4.0 has an essential influence on education in Indonesia, known as Education 4.0. Instruction 4.0 includes four necessary skills called 4C, namely the ability to communicate, collaborate, think critically, problem-solving, creative, and innovation. The 4C skills are summarised in the form of HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skill) questions that are currently applied in Indonesia. However, in reality, mathematics learning about the application of HOTS questions made a decline in the national average of student scores. The researcher concluded that students and teachers had not found the right learning model for the HOTS problem. Therefore, the main focus of this research is to apply the 21st-century learning model and problem-based learning models and see how the effects of the 21st-century model and problem-based learning models on HOTS in mathematics. The method of data analysis in this study uses one-way univariate variance analysis

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Higher-Order Thinking Skills on Test Items Designed by English Teachers: A Content Analysis

Fajar Dwi Utami Joko Nurkamto Sri Marmanto
Pages: 756-765

In dealing with the demand for critical and creative thinking skills in the 21st-century, the Indonesia government has implemented 2013 curriculum which promotes higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) in the classroom. However, the implementation of HOTS-based curriculum gave impact to the way teacher assesses the students' thinking skills as they are expected to be able to design HOTS-based test items in assessing students. Accordingly, this study investigated the higher-order thinking skills represented on the test items designed by English teachers of Indonesia at the senior high school level. This study was conducted qualitatively by analyzing four sets of test items, gathered from a senior high school in Indonesia from 2016 to 2019, using Bloom’s revised taxonomy. It was found that most questions were dominated by lower-order thinking skills, specifically understanding level, with the total percentage of more than 50% each set of test items. However, the higher-order thinking skill found in the test items is the only skill of analyzing while the skills of evaluating or creating were not covered. Thus, it is suggested that an evaluation is important to evaluate the test items made since the proportion of lower-order thinking skills as well as higher-order thinking skills are not proportional and whether those test items can be sufficient to promote higher-order thinking skills to the students.

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Using Social Media Networks by Learning Disabilities Teachers

Mohammad Ahmad Khasawneh
Pages: 766-780

Using social media networks may promote learning communities at schools. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the extent of using social media networks by teachers of learning disabilities. The study used the analytical descriptive approach, for which a survey was designed and distributed on a sample of (N=30) learning disabilities teachers in Asir’s region, Saudi Arabia. The results of the study indicated the level of using social media networks by learning disabilities teachers was moderate. The results also showed no statistically significant differences in using social media networks by learning disabilities teachers that could be attributed to the study variables (gender, academic qualifications, and years of experience). The study showed no average in statistical differences in the extent of using social media by teachers based on the variables of academic qualifications and years of experience.

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Video Media-Based Learning to Improve The Story Writing Ability of th4th Graders of Public Elementary Schools in Cilacap Regency

Koko Gesang Ratoyo Winarno St. Y. Slamet
Pages: 781-788

This research aimed to design a video media-based learning to improve the writing ability of the 4th graders of Elementary School in Cilacap Regency. The procedure of development referred to educational research and development model. The output (product) was an interactive learning media in the form of learning CD that is usable to teachers in the class. The application in the earning showed that this learning model could improve writing ability with high category for experiment class, and with medium category only for control class. Teacher responded positively to this learning model as it could improve the students’ ability. CD resulting from this development was equipped with children story and was organized systematically and in order. This learning media could be developed further into on-line learning. The development of video media-based hildren story writing learning model in Public Elementary Schools in Cilacap Regency. This esearch and development aimed to provide a children story writing learning model to improve writing ability. The procedure used included preliminary study, product development, expert validation, small-scale trial, and large-scale trial. The research and development had produced a video media-based children story writing learning model. This story writing learning model onsisted of the stages of video media-based learning.

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